Flashcards in Parts of speech word classes Verbs Deck (13)
What are some verbs suffixes?
-verb endings such as : ate, iate, en, ify, fy, ise, ize
what are regular main verbs?
They have four fourms:
Base form; laugh, play
s-form: laughs, plays
ing-form: lauging, playing
ed form: laughed, played
What does participle mean
The form of a verb that usually ends in "ed" or "ing" and is used as an adjective:
What are auxiliary verbs
Verbs that come before the main verb in a verb phrase.
What are the classes of auxiliaries
The primary classes and the modals.
What is the passive auxiliary?
The be verb is used to form passive sentences
-The region was devastated
The passive is always followed by the -ed participle
What is the Progressive auxiliary?
The be verb is used to form progressive aspect
-The baby is sleeping
The progressive is always followed by the ing-form
What is the perfect aspect?
The verb have is used to express perfect aspect
-Tom has finished his degree course
The perfect aspect is always followed by the -ed pariciple.
What is the auxiliary dummy DO?
The verb DO is introduced as the dummy operator when there is no auxiliary present.
-Amy did not enjoy the party
Do is always by the base form of the verb
What are modal auxiliaries?
The remaining auxiliiaries, words such as;
present: can, may, will, shall, must
past: could, might, would, should
What meanings does modals express?
Human control over events: "You may leave now"
Judgment whether an event was, is or will likely happen.
What is a verb?
A word or a phrase that describes action, condition or experience. It is the doer of the action.