Parts of speech word classes Verbs Flashcards Preview

English grammar parts of speech > Parts of speech word classes Verbs > Flashcards

Flashcards in Parts of speech word classes Verbs Deck (13)
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1

What are some verbs suffixes?

-verb endings such as : ate, iate, en, ify, fy, ise, ize

2

what are regular main verbs?

They have four fourms:
Base form; laugh, play
s-form: laughs, plays
ing-form: lauging, playing
ed form: laughed, played

3

What does participle mean

The form of a verb that usually ends in "ed" or "ing" and is used as an adjective:

4

What are auxiliary verbs

Verbs that come before the main verb in a verb phrase.

5

What are the classes of auxiliaries

The primary classes and the modals.

6

What is the passive auxiliary?

The be verb is used to form passive sentences
-The region was devastated
The passive is always followed by the -ed participle

7

What is the Progressive auxiliary?

The be verb is used to form progressive aspect
-The baby is sleeping
The progressive is always followed by the ing-form

8

What is the perfect aspect?

The verb have is used to express perfect aspect
-Tom has finished his degree course
The perfect aspect is always followed by the -ed pariciple.

9

What is the auxiliary dummy DO?

The verb DO is introduced as the dummy operator when there is no auxiliary present.
-Amy did not enjoy the party
Do is always by the base form of the verb

10

What are modal auxiliaries?

The remaining auxiliiaries, words such as;
present: can, may, will, shall, must
past: could, might, would, should

11

What meanings does modals express?

Human control over events: "You may leave now"
Judgment whether an event was, is or will likely happen.

12

What is a verb?

A word or a phrase that describes action, condition or experience. It is the doer of the action.

13

What is an adjective?

a word that describes a noun or pronoun:
"Big", "boring", "purple", and "obvious" are all adjective