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Flashcards in The structure of phrases Deck (12)
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1

What are determiners?

function words that occur at the beginning of a noun phrase and are followed by a noun

2

What does determiners indicate?

definiteness, number, ownership and distance

3

Can pronouns be used instead of nouns?

yes, "she" instead of Mary , "yours instead of bicyle"

4

What types of determiners are not used with uncountable nouns?

Indefinite, a, an, numbers and other quantifying determiners that imply number

5

Are quantifying determiners used with countable nouns?

no, thus we say little/less sugar, but a few/fewer carrots.

6

what does determiners and modifiers do?

They add information to the head noun

7

What does a determiner do in a noun phrase?

They spesify the head noun with respect to their features, such as number (a, one, all) definitieness (the, distance, this, that) and ownership ( my, your, its)

8

what does modifiers do?

They add to the meaning of the noun by giving a description or characterisation of it.

9

what are modifiers that come before the head called?

pre-modifiers (typically adjective and adjective phrases)

10

what are modifiers that come after the head noun called ?

post-modifiers

11

Can a noun be pre-modified by another noun?

Yes, crime fiction, kitchen sink.

12

a post-modifier is usally a ?

prepositional phrase, but may also be a dependent clause and adjective phrase