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Flashcards in Past ICAs Deck (13):
1

What is the treatment for mastoiditis?

IV abx and draingage

Can lead to meningitis

2

How do you treat acute asthma is children?

1) inhaled B2
2) add ipratropium bromide
3) add magnesium sulphate

Give oral steroids early in attacks
Second line - IV bolts salbutamol



3

Raised polymorphs (neutrophils) on CFS indicated what type of infection?

Bacterial (eg pneumococcal)

4

Causes of hyperinflated lungs and upper lobar collapse (atelectasis)?

Severe Bronchiolitis (RSV)

5

Which oestrogen caused endometrial hyperplasia?

Estradiol

Estriol - in pregnancy
Estrone - only oestrogen after the menopause

6

Cleft palate, polydactyl, and overlapping fingers, small mouth. Which congenital birth presentation,

Pataus (13)

7

Overlapping fingers, and cleft feet?

Edwards (18)

8

What murmur is a VSD and what conditions associated with?

Pansystolic.

Assoc with trisomy 21, 13, and 18.

9

Male infertility

Smoking and alchohol reduce quality

10

Which HIV drugs are teratogenic?

Efavirens (maybe nevirapine)

11

Which HIV drugs are safe in pregnancy?

Zidovudine

12

HPV for cancer?

16 and 18

(6 and 11 warts)

13

Most common ovarian tumour in children?

Germ cell (tetratoma, dysgerminona) 70%

Causing precocious puberty: granulosa cell(28%), granulosa-Theca(14%), sertoli (5%)