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Paediatrics > Renal Disease In Children > Flashcards

Flashcards in Renal Disease In Children Deck (11):
1

When are males more at risk if UTIs than females?

<3 months old

2

What is the differentiation between upper and lower UTIs?

Upper - bacteriuria with temp >38 and/or loin pain

Lower - bacteriuria with no systemic features

3

How can you collect a urine sample in different age groups?

<1 - suprapubic aspirstion or catheter or pads
1-8. clean catch urine
8+ mid stream urine

4

Below what age should any UTI be referred to a paediatrician?

3 months

Also do urgent urine micro and culture

5

What are the most common organisisms cause UTI?

E.coli (60%)
Klebsiella (20%)
P. Mirabilis (15%)

6

How does a MCUG (micturating cystourethrogram) work?

Dye into bladder, x-ray during micturition, can see reflux

Grading due to dilation of ureters and Renal calci

7

What nephrotic syndrome?

Heavy proteinuria
Hypoalbuminaemia
Oedema

Most commonly - minimal change disease - responsed to steroids

8

What is nephritic syndrome?

Haematuria
Oedema
Renal failure


Causes - post strep GN.

9

What body systems does HSP (henoch schonlien purpura) effect?

Skin
Joints
GI
Kidneys

IgA mediated small vessel vasculitis

10

What causes haemolytic uraemia syndrome?

E. coli 0157

Rx- dialyse and recover

11

What's the most common prsenting feature in wilms tumour?

Abdominal mass