Flashcards in Renal Disease In Children Deck (11):
When are males more at risk if UTIs than females?
<3 months old
What is the differentiation between upper and lower UTIs?
Upper - bacteriuria with temp >38 and/or loin pain
Lower - bacteriuria with no systemic features
How can you collect a urine sample in different age groups?
<1 - suprapubic aspirstion or catheter or pads
1-8. clean catch urine
8+ mid stream urine
Below what age should any UTI be referred to a paediatrician?
Also do urgent urine micro and culture
What are the most common organisisms cause UTI?
P. Mirabilis (15%)
How does a MCUG (micturating cystourethrogram) work?
Dye into bladder, x-ray during micturition, can see reflux
Grading due to dilation of ureters and Renal calci
What nephrotic syndrome?
Most commonly - minimal change disease - responsed to steroids
What is nephritic syndrome?
Causes - post strep GN.
What body systems does HSP (henoch schonlien purpura) effect?
IgA mediated small vessel vasculitis
What causes haemolytic uraemia syndrome?
E. coli 0157
Rx- dialyse and recover