PCM- Lungs Flashcards Preview

Week 8- SHANE > PCM- Lungs > Flashcards

Flashcards in PCM- Lungs Deck (17):
1

Characteristics of vesicular breathing

inspiration is longer and louder than expiration

no discernible gap between inspiration and exspiration

2

Vesicular breathing is best heard where?

base of the lungs (on the posterior side of the body)

3

Characteristics of bronchial breathing

inspiration and expiration are of the same loudness and expiration

gap between expiration and inspiration

4

Which are louder, vesicular or bronchial breathing?

bronchial

5

Vesicular breathing is best heard where?

over the trachea

6

Should bronchial (tubular) sounds be heard over normal lung parenchyma?

No

7

Bronchial sounds may replace normal vesicular sounds under what conditions?

found in:
consolidated lung of pneumonia
atelectasis
pulmonary mass

NOTE: if the airways are involved, no lung sounds will be heard

8

What is vocal resonance?

listening to the patient's voice with a stethescope as it's transmitted through the lung

9

Breath sounds (and adventitious sounds) are distinguished by what?

their timing, pitch, and, intensity

10

Do the lungs extend above the clavicle?

No. just the pleura

11

Where does the apex of the lung pleura (cupola) sit?

2 cm above the junction of the medial 1/3 and middle 1/3 of the clavicle

12

Where does the surface projection of the pleura of the lungs cross the mid-clavicular line?

8th rib

13

Where does the surface projection of the pleura of the lungs cross the mid-axillary line?

10th rib

14

How much higher if the inferior portion of the lung in relation to its pleura? why?

2 ribs higher to allow for expansion of the lung

15

Where does the surface projection of the lungs cross the mid-clavicular line?

6th rib

16

Where does the surface projection of the lungs cross the mid-axillary line?

8th rib

17

Are the cardiac notches of the pleura and the left lung the same size?

No. the notch of the lung (located between the 4th and 6th ribs) is larger