Peritoneum Flashcards Preview

Week 8- SHANE > Peritoneum > Flashcards

Flashcards in Peritoneum Deck (36):
1

What are some examples of organs with retroperiteonal viscera?

aorta, pancreas, duodenum, ascending and descending colon, kidneys, and IVC

2

What separates the abdominal muscles from the parietal peritoneum?

the transversalis fascia

3

the spleen is protected by which ribs?

9-11 (inferior left costal margin)

4

What ligaments is the greater momentum formed by?

gastrocolic, gastrolienal, and gastrophrenic

5

What ligaments is the lesser momentum formed by?

hepatogastric and hepatoduodenal

6

Where does the hepatogastric ligament run?

connects liver and lesser stomach

7

What umbilical fold do the inferior epigastric arteries run with?

lateral

8

What two ligaments attach the spleen to other structures?

gastrolienic and ilenorenal/splenorenal (to left kidney)

9

Does the spleen sit above or below the transverse mesocolon?

sits on it (above) on the left-most margin

10

The part of the colon where the transverse transitions to ascending and descending is what what?

right and left (respectively) colic flexures

11

What attaches the jejunum and ileum to the posterior abdominal wall?

mesentery proper

12

What is the anterior border of the omental bursa?

posterior surface of the stomach, gastrocolic ligament, and lesser omentum

13

What is the inferior border of the omental bursa?

transverse colon and transverse mesocolon

14

What is the superior border of the omental bursa?

left lobe of the liver and posterior lamina of the left coronary ligament

15

What umbilical fold does the obliterated umbilical artery run with?

medial

16

What umbilical fold does the obliterated arches run with?

median

17

The mental nurse communicates with the greater peritoneal sac via what?

epiploic foramen of Winslow

18

Is the greater momentum composed of perietal or visceral peritoneum?

visceral

19

T or F. mesenteries and ligaments in the abdomen form from parietal peritoneum reflections

F. they are from visceral peritoneum

20

Do retroperitoneal organs have visceral peritoneum?

No. just parietal

21

Where does the gastrocolic ligament run from?

lower stomach to transverse colon

22

What is attached inferiorly to the cecum?

appendix

23

What parts of the colon are intraperiteonal?

transverse (connects tranverse to pancreas) and sigmoid

24

What are the two parts of the periteonal cavity?

greater and lesser peritoneal sacs

25

When is the greater peritoneal sac formed?

developmental rotation of the foregut

26

The lesser peritoneal sac is aka?

omental bursa

27

What are the borders of the epiploic foreamen?

inferior- frist part of the duodenum

superior- the liver (caudate lobe)

anterior- IVC

posterior- hepatic portal vein in the hepatoduodenal ligament of the lesser omentum

28

What are the two mesogastric structures?

falciform ligament and lesser omentum

29

Gut rotation of the duodenum, jejunum, ileum and colon occurs around an axis formed by?

superior mesenteric artery

30

What lose their dorsal mesenteries during gut rotation 1?

ascending/descending colon, doudenum

31

What lose their dorsal mesenteries during gut rotation 2?

spleen

32

he right paracolic gutter has at its inferior end the vermiform appendix and at its superior end the?

hepatorenal recess (aka Morison's pouch)

Being a low point in the peritoneal cavity of the supine patient, it is where excess intraperitoneal fluid (such as blood) collects

33

Midgut and hindgut structures have only have which mesentery?

dorsal. Some of these dorsal mesentaries are lost during fetal development in a process called gut rotation.

34

Do foregut structures have a ventral mesentery?

Yes

35

The remainder of the spell mesentery (the part not lost) is called the?

splenicorenal ligament

Remember that the splenic mesentery is derived from dorsal mesogastrium.

36

Just superficial to the parietal peritoenum is what?

transversalis fascia