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Flashcards in PEARLS Deck (33):
1

Triple birth weight at

12 months

2

Walks well without support at

15 months

3

Throws ball forward at

15 months

4

MCC of severe visual impairment in children

ROP

5

Jaundice secondary to inadequate breastfeeding at first week of life

Breastfeeding jaundice

6

Treatment of choice for SIADH

Water restriction

7

Type of RTA associated with Fanconi syndrome with impaired HCO3 absorption

Type 2

8

Erythematous papular vesicular rash common in neonates that develops after beth involving eosinophils

Erythema toxicum

9

Newborn with apgar 8,9 develops tachypnea and occasional grunting 1 hour later, CXR showed prominent vascular markings and fluid in lung fissures with no cyanosis

Transient tachypnea

10

Confirmatory test for diagnosis of feral-maternal hemorrhage

Kleihauer-Betke acid elution test

11

MC intestinal emergency occurring in preterm infants in NICU

NEC

12

Pathognomonic radio findings of NEC

Pneumatosis intestinalis

13

DOC for early onset sepsis

Ampi genta

14

7 mo. old diarrhea, soft to watery, non bloody, 3 weeks, associated with switching to cows milk, occ episodes of vomiting, abdominal distention, poor weight gain

Food-induced enteropathy

15

Normal RR for children 2-12 mos

Less than 50

16

4 y/o, 4-day history of cough, runny nose, low-grade fever, rash 1 day ago spread from forehead to upper trunk

Measles (rubeola)

17

MCC of death in measles

Pneumonia

18

MC complication of measles

AOM

19

Treatment for measles shown to decrease mortality and morbidity

Vitamin A

20

10 y/o 5-day low-grade fever, headache, malaise, anorexia, onset of rash on 3rd day spread from face and neck quickly toward whole body, sub occipital and post auricular lymphadenopathy the following day

Rubella

21

Oral ulcers in patients with exanthem subitum

Nagayama spots

22

Where are nagayama spots specifically seen in the oral cavity

Uvulopalatoglossus

23

What are Forschheimer spots

Fleeting enanthem seen as small, red spots (petechiae) on the soft palate in 20% of patients with rubella

24

Sudden onset high fever for 2 days, sore throat, discrete 1-2 mm vesicles and ulcers surrounded by erythema in the retropharyngeal wall and soft palate

Herpangina

25

CXR showing hyper expansion of chest, peribronchial thickening, and some interstitial infiltrates

Bronchiolitis

26

Hydrocephalus, chorioretinitis, intracerebral calcifications

Toxoplasmosis

27

DOC for congenital toxoplasmosis

Sulfadiazine-Pyrimethamine

28

Cataracts, PDA, blueberry muffin rash

Rubella

29

MC congenital infection

CMV

30

Leading cause of sensorineural hearing loss

CMV

31

Mother had varicella 2 days before giving birth, what should be given to the baby

VZIG and Acyclovir

32

Recurrent pneumonia, profound B cell deficiency

Bruton's agammaglobulinemia

33

Thrombocytopenia, atopic dermatitis, recurrent infections

WAS