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Flashcards in PEC CHAPTER 1 GENERAL Deck (17):
1

Purpose of P.E.C. 2009:

1. Practical Safeguarding

2. Adequacy - This Code contains provisions that are considered minimum requirements necessary for safety. Compliance therewith and proper maintenance will result in an installation that is essentially free from hazard but not necessarily efficient, convenient, or adequate for good service or future expansion.

3. Intention - This Code is intended for the exclusive use of licensed electrical practitioners (PEE, REE, and RME). This Code is not intended as a design specification nor an instruction manual for a non-licensed electrical practitioner, unless under the supervision of a licensed electrical practitioner.

4. Relation to Other International Standards - The requirements in this Code address the fundamental principles of protection for safety contained in Section 131 of International Electrotechnical Commission Standard 60364-1, Electrical Installations of Buildings

2

Mandatory Rules, Permissive Rules, & Explanatory Material:

1. rules of this Code are those that identify actions that are specifically required or prohibited and are characterized by the use of the terms “shall” or “shall not”.

2. Permissive Rules - Permissive rules of this Code are those that identify actions that are allowed but not required, are normally used to describe options or alternative methods, and are characterized by the use of the terms “shall be permitted” or “shall not be required”.

3. Explanatory Material - Explanatory material, such as references to other standards, references to related sections of this Code, or information related to a Code rule, is included in this Code in the form of fine print notes (FPN). (FPN) are informational only and are not enforceable as requirements of this Code.

3

Coverage or Scope of PEC 2009

Covered-The installation of electrical conductors, equipment, and raceways; signaling and communications conductors, equipment, and raceways; and optical fiber cables and raceways installed.

1. Public and private buildings, including but not limited to residential, commercial, industrial, institutional, cultural, agricultural, agro-industrial, planned unit development and all other buildings or premises that may require practical safeguarding of persons and property from hazards
arising from the use of electricity.

2. Electric generating plants
3. Industrial plants
4. Transformer stations
5. Permanent and temporary substations, etc.
6. Airfields
7. Railways switchyards
8. Yards, carnival, parks, parking and other lots
Not Covered - The following installations are not covered:
9. Quarries and mines
10. Watercraft
11. Dockyards
12. Trailers
13. Mobile homes and recreational vehicles
14. Offshore facilities

4

Coverage or Scope of PEC 2009

Not Covered - The following installations are not covered:

1. Railway rolling stock, aircraft, or automotive vehicles

2. Railways for generation, transformation, transmission, or distribution of power used exclusively for operation of rolling stock

5

PERMITS AND INSPECTION CERTIFICATES

Places to Obtain Permits:

• Local Building Office - buildings, trailers, mobiles homes

• Marina(Maritime Industry Authority) - watercrafts

6

PERMITS AND INSPECTION CERTIFICATES

Requirements for Electrical Permit:

a) Information
1. Applicant
2. PEE who signed and sealed the electrical plans and specifications
3. Licensed Electrical Practitioner who is in charge of electrical works
4. Building Owner
5. Lot Owner
6. Building Official

b) 5 SETS of complete electrical plans and specifications signed and sealed by PEE
The delay for releasing an electrical permit shall not be longer than five (5) working days after which time application together with the accompanying plans

7

PERMITS AND INSPECTION CERTIFICATES

Reconnection of Disconnected Service

- If service has been cut off for more than 1 year, electrical inspection cert. is required

8

ELECTRICAL PLANS AND SPECIFICATIONS

Drawing Sheet Sizes


 760 mm x 1,000 mm
 600 mm x 900 mm
 500 mm x 760 mm

* For dwelling units 297 mm x 420mm (A3 Size is allowed)

9

ELECTRICAL PLANS AND SPECIFICATIONS

Plan Requirements:

a) Location and Site Plans
b) Legend or Symbols
c) General Notes and/or Specifications
d) Electrical Layout
e) Schedule of Loads
f) Design Analysis
g) One Line Diagram

10

ELECTRICAL PLANS AND SPECIFICATIONS

Title Block or Nameplate of Plans and Drawing

- Shall be made of standard strip 40mm high at the bottom of the sheet.

1. Name and location of installation of project.
2. Name, signature and address of owner/ manager/ operator
3. Title of sheet
4. PEE name and signature with PRC license number, Tax Identification number.
5. Scale used, date drawn
6. Sheet number

11

ELECTRICAL PLANS AND SPECIFICATIONS

Other Details for Electrical Plans

1. Exposed conductors
2. Auxiliary gutters, wireways, busways, cabinets, boxes, metallic raceways, underground installations.
3. Private pole installations
4. Low energy power and low voltage power installation

12

ELECTRICAL PLANS AND SPECIFICATIONS

Substation Plans and Specifications

-Indoor Substation
1. Location and dimensions
2. Substation structural requirements:
3. Substation electrical requirements
4. Cross sectional views
5. Miscellaneous

-Outdoor Substation
SHALL show same items as indoor substation except that in lieu of walls and roof, details of fence and supporting steel structure.

13

REQUIREMENTS FOR ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS

The Criteria for Examination of Electrical Inspection:

1. Suitability for the installation
2. Mechanical strength and durability
3. Wire bending and connection space
4. Electrical insulation
5. Heating effects produced by the equipment under normal and abnormal condition of use.
6. Arcing effects
7. Class, type, size, voltage, ampacity, specific use of equipment

14

REQUIREMENTS FOR ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS

Entrance to Working Space

a) Large equipment - equipments rated 1200 amperes or more shall have at least one entrance.
 600 mm wide
 2000 mm high

b) Headroom - The minimum headroom of working spaces about service equipment, switchboards, panelboards, or motor control centers shall be 2000 mm.

15

REQUIREMENTS FOR ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS

Warning Sign for Voltages Exceeding 600 Volts

―DANGER - HIGH VOLTAGE - KEEP OUT‖

16

REQUIREMENTS FOR ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS

Measurements for Access to Manholes

a) Rectangular access openings (650 mm x 550mm)
b) Round access openings (650 mm diameter)

17

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