Flashcards in Peds Deck (25):
When does separation anxiety begins?
When do teeth start erupting?
By 6 months
When does stranger anxiety starts?
When do infants start practicing sitting and practice pincer grasp?
When do children sits alone and pulls to standing?
At what age do they start understanding "no" and have knowledge of object permanence?
When do infants triple body weight and HC=CC?
Describe the stages of growth and development
Infancy. Newborn: birth to 1 month
Infant 1-12 months (groups of two months eg 2-4 months, 4-6 months, 6-8 months, 8-10 months, and 10-12 months)
Early childhood 1-6 years (toddler 1-3 year and preschool 3-5 years)
School age 6-12 years
Adolescence 12-21 years
List one or two major characteristics of a newborn.
Newborn is defined as he period from birth to 1 month of age. Weight is generally 6-9 lbs. chest circumference is 2-3 cm less than head circumference. Prefers faces and follows line of vision. Nutrition is 60 to 90 cc every 2-3 hours or breastfeeding every 2 to 3 hours on demand.
List one or two major characteristics of an infant between 2-4 months ?
Posterior fontanel closes. Decrease head lag, plays with fingers, object to mouth, turns head to voices. Nutrition every 3-4 hours. Language is "coo", girgle or laugh.
When does head lag should be gone?
When and how you introduce solids?
Fruits and vegetables, juice from a cup at 6-8 months. Cereal first -rice- barley and oatmeal. Give alone to learn new tastes and textures and introduce at intervals of 4-7 days.
When does anterior fontanel closes?
Toddler 1-3 yrs
Is parallel play normal for toddlers?
Describe the preschool language
3 yrs - mostly talk to themselves, toys and pets
4 yrs - words to transmit information other than own needs and feelings.
Grasp of meaning literal - magical thinking
Adolescence 12-21 yrs
Early - 12-14
Middle and most difficult 15-17
Late - 18-21
Tanner stages in girls
Thelarche: breast dev
Adrenarche: pubic hair
Tanner stages boys
9 1/2 to 13 1/2
First developmental theory
Piaget- sensorimotor birth to 2 years
Erickson - trust vs mistrust
Second developmental theory
Piaget - sensorimotor to preoperational
Erickson - autonomy vs shame and doubt.
Third Developmental theory for Erickson
Initiative vs guilt
Piaget - preoperational and magical thinking (2-7 years )
Fourth developmental theory
Piaget - concrete operational (7-11 years)
Erickson - industry vs inferiority
Fifth developmental theory
Piaget - formal operational (11 yrs and up)
Erickson - identity vs role confusion