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Flashcards in Peds Deck (25):
1

When does separation anxiety begins?

Infants
4-6 months

2

When do teeth start erupting?

By 6 months

3

When does stranger anxiety starts?

Infant
6-8 months

4

When do infants start practicing sitting and practice pincer grasp?

6-8 months

5

When do children sits alone and pulls to standing?

8-10 months

6

At what age do they start understanding "no" and have knowledge of object permanence?

8-10 months

7

When do infants triple body weight and HC=CC?

10-12 months

8

Describe the stages of growth and development

Infancy. Newborn: birth to 1 month

Infant 1-12 months (groups of two months eg 2-4 months, 4-6 months, 6-8 months, 8-10 months, and 10-12 months)

Early childhood 1-6 years (toddler 1-3 year and preschool 3-5 years)

School age 6-12 years

Adolescence 12-21 years

9

List one or two major characteristics of a newborn.

Newborn is defined as he period from birth to 1 month of age. Weight is generally 6-9 lbs. chest circumference is 2-3 cm less than head circumference. Prefers faces and follows line of vision. Nutrition is 60 to 90 cc every 2-3 hours or breastfeeding every 2 to 3 hours on demand.

10

List one or two major characteristics of an infant between 2-4 months ?

Posterior fontanel closes. Decrease head lag, plays with fingers, object to mouth, turns head to voices. Nutrition every 3-4 hours. Language is "coo", girgle or laugh.

11

When does head lag should be gone?

4-6 months

12

When and how you introduce solids?

Fruits and vegetables, juice from a cup at 6-8 months. Cereal first -rice- barley and oatmeal. Give alone to learn new tastes and textures and introduce at intervals of 4-7 days.

13

When does anterior fontanel closes?

Toddler 1-3 yrs

14

Is parallel play normal for toddlers?

Yes

15

Describe the preschool language

3 yrs - mostly talk to themselves, toys and pets
4 yrs - words to transmit information other than own needs and feelings.

Grasp of meaning literal - magical thinking

16

Puberty

Adolescence 12-21 yrs
Early - 12-14
Middle and most difficult 15-17
Late - 18-21

17

Tanner stages in girls

Thelarche: breast dev
Adrenarche: pubic hair
Menarche: menses

18

Tanner stages boys

9 1/2 to 13 1/2
Testicular enlargement

19

Toilet training

Toddler

20

First developmental theory

Piaget- sensorimotor birth to 2 years
Erickson - trust vs mistrust

21

Second developmental theory

Piaget - sensorimotor to preoperational
Erickson - autonomy vs shame and doubt.

22

Third Developmental theory for Erickson

Initiative vs guilt
Piaget - preoperational and magical thinking (2-7 years )

23

Fourth developmental theory

Piaget - concrete operational (7-11 years)
Erickson - industry vs inferiority

24

Fifth developmental theory

Piaget - formal operational (11 yrs and up)
Erickson - identity vs role confusion

25

In growth and development. When does birth weight double?

Infants
4 to 6 months