PEDS Chapter 26: Growth and Development of the Toddler (Power Point) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in PEDS Chapter 26: Growth and Development of the Toddler (Power Point) Deck (68)
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1

What age encompasses toddlerhood?

1- 3 yrs old

2

Height and weight increase steadily in spurts at a ______ rate than the infant.

slower

3

Reach half of adult height by age___.

2

4

Average weight gain is ___ to____ lbs per year.

3 to 5

5

Anterior fontanels close by ____ months.

18

6

Head size more proportional to body by age ___.

3

7

At ___ months, toddler should weigh 4x birth weight.

30

8

Neurologic system:
Brain reaches about 80% of size by age ____.

3

9

Respiratory system:
Alveoli increase in number until age ____; trachea and airways small compared to adult.

7

10

Cardiovascular system:
Heart rate ______; blood pressure _____.

decreases; increases

11

PIAGET

- sensorimotor
- object permanence is fully developed.
Have memories that relate to theme
Domestic mimicry (play house)
Preoperational thought- does not understand viewpoints of others can symbolize objects and imitate previously seen activities.

12

Erickson

autonomy versus shame and doubt

13

Freud

anal stage, sense of pleasure

14

The nurse praises a 3-year-old child for using the potty. Which of the following theorists focuses on the satisfaction/frustration of expelling feces?
a. Piaget
b. Freud
c. Erickson
d. Kohlberg

b. Freud

15

Gross motor skills

Include running, climbing, jumping, pushing or pulling a toy, throwing a ball, and pedaling a tricycle

16

Fine motor skills

Progress from holding and pinching to the ability to manage utensils, hold a crayon, string a bead, and use a computer

17

When should the toddler be able to walk up and downstairs?
A. 15 months
B. 18 months
C. 2 years
D. 3 years

C. 2 years

18

Receptive language development: the ability to understand what is being said or asked

Typically far more advanced than expressive language development (ability to communicate desires and feelings)

19

Echolalia

repetition of words and phrases without understanding

20

Telegraphic speech

speech that contains only the essential words to get the point across

21

Separation

Seeing oneself as separate from the parent

22

Individuation

Forming a sense of self and learning to control one’s environment leads to emotional lability.

23

Egocentrism

Focus on self

24

May rely on a ____ item.

security

25

Becomes aware of _____ differences.

gender

26

May display ______ behaviors.

aggressive

27

May show fear of loss of _____ and of______.

parents; strangers

28

Becomes more self-aware; does not have clear body boundaries.

Separation anxiety may reoccur.
May resist invasive procedures.

29

Gastrointestinal system:
Stomach increases in size; small intestine grows in length; stool passage _______.

decreases

30

Genitourinary system:
Bladder and kidney reach adult function by__ to __ months.

16 to 24