Flashcards in PEDS Chapter 26: Growth and Development of the Toddler (Power Point) Deck (68)
What age encompasses toddlerhood?
1- 3 yrs old
Height and weight increase steadily in spurts at a ______ rate than the infant.
Reach half of adult height by age___.
Average weight gain is ___ to____ lbs per year.
3 to 5
Anterior fontanels close by ____ months.
Head size more proportional to body by age ___.
At ___ months, toddler should weigh 4x birth weight.
Brain reaches about 80% of size by age ____.
Alveoli increase in number until age ____; trachea and airways small compared to adult.
Heart rate ______; blood pressure _____.
- object permanence is fully developed.
Have memories that relate to theme
Domestic mimicry (play house)
Preoperational thought- does not understand viewpoints of others can symbolize objects and imitate previously seen activities.
autonomy versus shame and doubt
anal stage, sense of pleasure
The nurse praises a 3-year-old child for using the potty. Which of the following theorists focuses on the satisfaction/frustration of expelling feces?
Gross motor skills
Include running, climbing, jumping, pushing or pulling a toy, throwing a ball, and pedaling a tricycle
Fine motor skills
Progress from holding and pinching to the ability to manage utensils, hold a crayon, string a bead, and use a computer
When should the toddler be able to walk up and downstairs?
A. 15 months
B. 18 months
C. 2 years
D. 3 years
C. 2 years
Receptive language development: the ability to understand what is being said or asked
Typically far more advanced than expressive language development (ability to communicate desires and feelings)
repetition of words and phrases without understanding
speech that contains only the essential words to get the point across
Seeing oneself as separate from the parent
Forming a sense of self and learning to control one’s environment leads to emotional lability.
Focus on self
May rely on a ____ item.
Becomes aware of _____ differences.
May display ______ behaviors.
May show fear of loss of _____ and of______.
Becomes more self-aware; does not have clear body boundaries.
Separation anxiety may reoccur.
May resist invasive procedures.
Stomach increases in size; small intestine grows in length; stool passage _______.