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Flashcards in Pelvis Deck (62):
1

What joins the pelvic girdle anteriorly?

Pubic symphysis

2

What three bones comprise the hip (all are fused together)?

Ilium
Ishium
Pubis

3

What is the acetabulum?

Composition of the three bones of the hip

4

How many bones do newborns have? Adults?

270 for infants,
206 for adults

5

True or false: newborn bones are soft and pliable

True

6

True or false: chidlhood is when ossification takes place in the remaining portions of the pelvis

False-puberty

7

When does the ossification of the pelvic bones complete?

Between 20-25 y.o.

8

What are the three joints of the pelvis?

Sacroiliac
Hip joint
Pubic symphysis

9

The hip joint joins what two bones?

Femur and ilium

10

What is the hip socket called?

Acetabulum

11

What insert into the acetabulum?

Head of the femur

12

What are the ligaments that stabilize the hip joint?

iliofemoral
Pubofemoral
Ischiofemoral

13

What sits around the head of the femur?

Capsule

14

Which ligaments covers the hip joint anteriorly?

iliofemoral ligament
Pubofemoral ligament

15

What are the attachements for the iliofemoral ligament?

Arises from AIIS
Inserts in intertrochanteric line

16

What are the attachments for the pubofemoral ligament?

Arises from the pubic bone and margin of obturator foramen

Inserts into femoral neck

17

The pubofemoral ligament is superficial or deep to the iliofemoral ligament?

Deep

18

What is the ligament that covers the hip joint posteriorly?

ishiofemoral ligament

19

What are the attachments of the ishiofemoral ligament?

Arises from the ischium
Inserts into the greater trochaneter of the femur

20

What is the fibrocartilagenous labrum?

The space between the head of the femur, and the acetabulum

21

Which socket is deeper: the hip socket, or the shoulder socket?

Hip

22

True or false: you should treat hip dislocations with OMM

False--this is an orthopedic emergency

23

What are the 7 motions of the hip joint (hint" 3 paired movements)?

Flexion
Extension
Abduction
Adduction
External rotation
Internal rotation
circumduction

24

What muscles comprise the hip flexors?

Rectus femoris
Iliacus
Psoas major

25

What is the rectus femoris also known as?

Rectus femoris

26

Where is the origin and insertion of the Iliacus?

Origin: iliac fossa
Insertion: lesser trochanter of the femur

27

What is the origin and insertion of the rectus femoris?

origin: AIIS and acetabulum
Insertion: patella and tibial tuberosity

28

What is the origin and insertion of the psoas major?

O: vertebral bodies, transverse process and discs of L1-L5
I: Lesser trochanter of femur

29

What is the RIP mnemonic?

Rectus femoris
iliacus
Psoas major

30

Which muscles comprise the hip extensors?

Gluteus maxiumus
Hamstrings (biceps femoris, semitendinosus, and semimembranosus(

31

What is the origin and insertion of the gluteus maximumus?

O: lateral ilium, dorsal sacrum
I:iliotibial tract, gluteal tuberosity of femur

32

What are the three muscles that comprise the hamstrings?

Biceps femoris
Semitendinosus
Semimembranosus

33

What is the origin and insertion of the biceps femoris?

O: ischial tuberosity
I: fibular head

34

What is the origin and insertion of the semitendinosus

I: proximal medial tibia

35

What is the BITE ME mnemonic used for?

Hamstrings
BIceps femoris
semiTEndinosus
semiMEmbranosus

36

What are the muscles involved in hip adduction?

Gracilis
longus
magnus
brevis
pectineus

37

What is the origin and insertion of the pectineus?

O: superior ramus of pubis
I: Just distal to the lesser trochanter of the femur

38

What is the origin and insertion of the Gracilis?

O: Inferior ramus of pubis
I: Proximal and medial surface of tibia

39

What is the common origin and insertion of the adductors (longus, magnus, and brevis)?

Body and inferior ramus of pubis

40

What is the insertion of the adductor longus?

Middle 1/3 of femoral linea aspera

41

What is the insertion of the adductor magnus?

Linea aspera and adductor tubercle of the femur

42

What is the insertion of the adductor brevis?

Proximal part of femoral linea aspera

43

What are the muscles that are involved in abduction and in internal rotation?

Gluteus medius
Gluteus minimum
Tensor fascia lata (TFL)

44

What is the origin and insertion of the gluteus medius and minimus?

O: lateral surface of ilium
I: greater trochanter of the femur

45

What is the origin and insertion of the tensor fascia lata?

O: iliac crest just posterior to the ASIS
I: iliotibial tract and proximal, lateral tibia

46

What are the external rotators of the hip?

Piriformis
Gluteus maximus
Obturator internus
Obturator externus
Gemellus superior
Gemellus inferior
Quadratus

47

What is the chief external rotator?

Piriformis

48

What is the origin and insertion of the piriformis?

O: anterior portion of the sacrum
I: greater trochanter of the femur

49

What is the origin and insertion of the obturator internus?

O: ischial tuberosity
I: greater trochanter

50

What is the origin and insertion of the gemellus superior/inferior

O: upper aspect of IT
I: medial side of greater trochanter

51

What is the origin and insertion of the quadratus femoris?

O: lateral ischium
I: intertrochanteric crest

52

What is the origin and insertion of the obturator externus?

O: obturator foramen
I: Greater trochanter

53

What is circumduction?

The combination of all elementary movement simultaneously, moveing the hip through all three axes

54

What are the two motions of the knee?

flexion and extension

55

What are the knee flexors?

Hamstrings:
Biceps femoris
Semitendinosus
Semimembranosus

56

What are the knee extensor muslces?

Vastus lateralus
Vastus medialis
Vastus intermedius
retus femoris

57

What is the origin and insertion of the vastus lateralis?

O: greater trochanter
I: patella and tibial tub

58

What is the origin and insertion of the vastus medialis?

O: intertrochanteric line
I: patella and tibial tuberosity

59

What is the origin and insertion of the vastus inermedius?

O: anterior/lateral surface of femoral shaft
I: patella and tibial tuberosity

60

What is the origin and insertion of the rectus femoris?

O: AIIS acetabulum
I: patella and tibial tuberosity

61

Is muscle energy moving toward or against a barrier?

Toward

62

Is S/CS moving toward or against a barrier?

Against