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Flashcards in Pelvis Deck (62)
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1

What joins the pelvic girdle anteriorly?

Pubic symphysis

2

What three bones comprise the hip (all are fused together)?

Ilium
Ishium
Pubis

3

What is the acetabulum?

Composition of the three bones of the hip

4

How many bones do newborns have? Adults?

270 for infants,
206 for adults

5

True or false: newborn bones are soft and pliable

True

6

True or false: chidlhood is when ossification takes place in the remaining portions of the pelvis

False-puberty

7

When does the ossification of the pelvic bones complete?

Between 20-25 y.o.

8

What are the three joints of the pelvis?

Sacroiliac
Hip joint
Pubic symphysis

9

The hip joint joins what two bones?

Femur and ilium

10

What is the hip socket called?

Acetabulum

11

What insert into the acetabulum?

Head of the femur

12

What are the ligaments that stabilize the hip joint?

iliofemoral
Pubofemoral
Ischiofemoral

13

What sits around the head of the femur?

Capsule

14

Which ligaments covers the hip joint anteriorly?

iliofemoral ligament
Pubofemoral ligament

15

What are the attachements for the iliofemoral ligament?

Arises from AIIS
Inserts in intertrochanteric line

16

What are the attachments for the pubofemoral ligament?

Arises from the pubic bone and margin of obturator foramen

Inserts into femoral neck

17

The pubofemoral ligament is superficial or deep to the iliofemoral ligament?

Deep

18

What is the ligament that covers the hip joint posteriorly?

ishiofemoral ligament

19

What are the attachments of the ishiofemoral ligament?

Arises from the ischium
Inserts into the greater trochaneter of the femur

20

What is the fibrocartilagenous labrum?

The space between the head of the femur, and the acetabulum

21

Which socket is deeper: the hip socket, or the shoulder socket?

Hip

22

True or false: you should treat hip dislocations with OMM

False--this is an orthopedic emergency

23

What are the 7 motions of the hip joint (hint" 3 paired movements)?

Flexion
Extension
Abduction
Adduction
External rotation
Internal rotation
circumduction

24

What muscles comprise the hip flexors?

Rectus femoris
Iliacus
Psoas major

25

What is the rectus femoris also known as?

Rectus femoris

26

Where is the origin and insertion of the Iliacus?

Origin: iliac fossa
Insertion: lesser trochanter of the femur

27

What is the origin and insertion of the rectus femoris?

origin: AIIS and acetabulum
Insertion: patella and tibial tuberosity

28

What is the origin and insertion of the psoas major?

O: vertebral bodies, transverse process and discs of L1-L5
I: Lesser trochanter of femur

29

What is the RIP mnemonic?

Rectus femoris
iliacus
Psoas major

30

Which muscles comprise the hip extensors?

Gluteus maxiumus
Hamstrings (biceps femoris, semitendinosus, and semimembranosus(