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Flashcards in Pelvis IV Deck (35):
1

For forward torsions, the first name of the dysfuction is what?

The rotation

2

For forward torsions, the last name of the dysfuction is what?

The oblique axis of rotation

3

For forward torsions, the first and last names are always (the same / opposites)?

The same

4

For backward torsions, the first and last names are always (the same / opposites)?

Opposites

5

What is the last name of flexions/extensions?

Flexion or extensions

6

What is the first step in diagnosing a sacral SD?

get a hx

+SeFT

7

True or false: headaches may be indicative of sacral SDs

True

8

What are the two landmarks used to diagnose a sacral dysfunction?

Deep sulcus
Inferior/posterior ILA

9

If the deep sulcus and the inf/post ILA are on opposite sides, what is the SD?

Torsion

10

If the deep sulcus and the inf/post ILA are on the same side, what is the SD?

Unilateral flexion/extension

11

What is the third step in diagnosing a sacral SD?

Sphinx test

12

If the ILAs become more symmetric during the sphinx test, is the test positive or negative?

Negative

13

If the ILAs become less symmetric during the sphinx test, is the test positive or negative?

Positive

14

A positive sphinx test indicates that the sacrum is (forward or backward)?

Backward

15

A negative sphinx test indicates that the sacrum is (forward or backward)?

Forward

16

If there is a forward torsion, are the names the same or opposite?

Same (L on L or R on R)

17

If there is a backward torsion, are the names the same or opposite?

Opposite (R on L or L on R)

18

In sacral flexion, does the base move anteriorly or posteriorly?

Anteriorly

19

In sacral extension, does the base move anteriorly or posteriorly?

posteriorly

20

How is the rotation of the sacrum names?

For the side the anterior base faces

21

The superior scaral axis is at what vertebral level? What is its significance?

S2, moves with respiration

22

The middle sacral axis is at what vertebral level? What is its significance?

S2, moves with flexion/extension

23

The inferior sacral axis is where? What is its significance?

Level of inferior articular surface of the ilia

Where the ilia moves on the sacrum

24

Finish the sentence: as the lumbar spine flexes, the sacrum ...

extends

25

Finish the sentence: as the lumbar spine extends, the sacrum ...

flexes

26

The oblique axes of the sacrum are named for the (inferior/superior) point of origin?

Superior

27

The first name of a torsion is named for what? The second?

First = the name of the rotation of the sacral base

Second = the axis that it rotates on

28

True or false: torsions of the sacrum occur during ambulation

True

29

In a normal relationship between the lumbar spine and the sacrum, a rotation of L5 will produce the (same/opposite) movement in the sacrum?

Opposite

30

What is a maladaprted or non-sompensated sacral SD?

When the L5 does no rotate to the opposite side of the sacrum

31

True or false: sacral dysfunctions can present as upper back pain

True

32

What two things should you ensure that the legs are/are not doing when performing a seated flexion test?

Feet on the floor
Legs relaxed

33

The ILAs tend to move in what directions?

Inferior/posterior
Superior/anterior

34

What are the treatments for forward sacral torsions?

IT spread
Lateral sims techniques

35

Why do you rotate the patient to the same side as the sacral SD?

Because the lumbar spine rotates in the opposite direction