Treatments Flashcards Preview

OMM > Treatments > Flashcards

Flashcards in Treatments Deck (52)
Loading flashcards...
1

What is OMM?

Application of osteopathic philosophy, structural diagnosis, and use of OMT

2

What is OMT?

Theraputic application of manually guided forces by an osteopathic physician to improve physiologic function or support homeostasis

3

How do you name a SD?

By the direction in which the motion is freer (position at rest)

4

What are the three causes of SDs?

Macrotraumas
Microtraumas
Congenital

5

Do all SD need to be addressed?

No--if congenital especially

6

How many aspects of TART are needed to Dx a SD?

One

7

Sidebending is named for which side?

The side of concavity

8

What is the anatomic barrier?

Limit of passive ROM

9

What is the physiologic barrier?

Limit of active ROM

10

What are restrictive barriers?

The functional limit within anatomic ROM which abnormally diminishes the normal physiologic ROM

11

What is the elastic barrier?

Difference between anatomic and physiologic

12

What are the forces utilized in OMT?

Extrinsic
Intrinsic
Active
Passive

13

What is extrinsic forces?

treatment forces which are not supplied by pt

14

What are intrinsic forces?

Voluntary or involuntary forces from within the pt that assist in manipulation

15

What are passive forces utilized by OMM?

Pt refraining from voluntary muscle contraction

16

What is an active force in OMM?

One in which the pt voluntarily performs a Dr direction

17

What is direct motion in OMM?

Engagement of restrictive barrier toward or through barrier

18

What is indirect motion in OMM?

SD is moved away from the restrictive barrier

19

What is the goal of direct/indirect motion?

Increased ROM

20

What are the six factors that determine modalities of treatment?

1. Size of pt
2. Size of Dr
3. Age of pt
4. Health of pt
5. acute vs chronic
6. location of treatment

21

What are the four transition points in the body?

1. Head/neck
2. Neck/thorax
3. Thorax/lumbar
4. Lumbar/sacral

22

Why are the four transition areas important?

Where most SDs occur

23

What is HV/LA?

Direct engagement of an end point or barrier using a quick motion over a short distance

24

Is HV/LA a direct or indirect technique? Passive or active? Intrinsic or extrinsic? Are results in tissue texture change fast or slow?

Passive
Direct
Extrinsic

Fast tissue texture change

25

Which OMM technique has the highest injury potential? What is this due to?

HV/LA due to muscle spasms

26

How often is HV/LA performed?

Once or twice a week

27

What produces the pop in joints?

Nitrogen gas release

28

How does the thrust used in HV/LA change the neural activity of muscles?

Alters the afferent output of mechanoreceptors, resulting in release of the muscle hypertonicity

29

What are the contraindications to HV/LA?

osteoporosis
Bony metastases spondylolisthesis
Osteomyelitis
RA
Fractures
Down's
Vertebral artery stenosis

30

Is muscle energy direct or indirect? Active or passive? Extrinsic or intrinsic?

Direct
Active
Extrinsic and intrinsic