performance directions (Italian grade 1-5 part 1) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in performance directions (Italian grade 1-5 part 1) Deck (25):
1

a cappella

Unaccompanied (referring to church music - lit. min church style'

2

Accelerando, accel.

Gradually getting faster

3

Adagietto

Rather slow, but faster than adagio

4

Adagio

Slow (lit. 'At ease), generally held to indicate a tempo between andante and largo

5

`a deux, `a 2 (F), a due, a 2

Two performers or instruments (in orchestral or band music, it means that a part is to be played in unison by two instruments)

6

Affettuoso

Tenderly

7

Affrettando, affret.

Hurrying

8

Agitato

Agitated

9

Al, alla

To the, in the manner of

10

Alla breve

With a minim beat, equivalent to 2/2 ¢; ie implying a faster tempo than the notes might otherwise suggest (see 1/2)

11

A (I), `a (F)

At, to,by, for, in, in the style of

12

Alla marcia

In the style of a march

13

Allargando

Broadening, ie. Getting a little slower and probably also a little louder

14

Allegretto

Fairly quick, but not as quick as allegro

15

Allegro

Quick (lit. Cheerful)

16

Alt

High (in alt is used in vocal music to refer to notes in the octave above the treble stave, starting with the G; in altissimo, in the octave above that

17

Al tallone

See au talon (use the bow of a string instrument at the heal, ie the end held by the player

18

Amabile

Amiable, pleasant

19

Amore (I), amour (F)

Love

20

Amoroso

Loving

21

Andante

At walking pace (lit. 'Going'), indicating a medium speed (piu andante and molto andante are somewhat slowe

22

Andantino

Slightly faster than andante (but it can also mean slightly slower: the term is ambiguous

23

Anima

Soul, spirit (con animal is ambiguous, meaning either with feelinf' or 'spirited'

24

Animando

Becoming more lively

25

Animato (I) anime (F)

Animated, lively