performance directions (Italian) grade 1-5 part 4 Flashcards Preview

music theory > performance directions (Italian) grade 1-5 part 4 > Flashcards

Flashcards in performance directions (Italian) grade 1-5 part 4 Deck (29):
1

ad libitum, ad lib.

at choice, meaning either that a passage may be performed freely or that an instrument in a score may be omitted

2

col legno

with the wood, a direction to a string player to play with the wood of the bow rather than with the hair

3

colla parte

keep with the soloist, a direction to an accompanist

4

coll' ottava

with the octave, a direction to a keyboard player to double notes an octive higher, or lower if bassa is added

5

come prima

as before (not necessarily as at the beginning)

6

come sopra

as above (= come prima)

7

comodo

convenient (tempo comodo: at a comfortable speed)

8

delicato

delicate

9

divisi, div.

divided, a direction to orchestral players (usually strings) to divide into two or more groups

10

duolo

= dolore

11

fretta

haste

12

lamentoso

lamenting

13

largamente

broadly

14

legerement (F) leggiero (I), leicht (G)

light, nimble

15

mano

hand (mano sinistra, m.s.: left hand; mano destra, m.d.: right hand)

16

mancando

fading away

17

marcato, marc.

emphatic, accented

18

marziale

in a military style

19

mesto

sad

20

mezza, mezzo

half (mezzo forte, mf: moderately loud; mezzo piano, mp: moderately soft; mezza voce; in an undertone)

21

misterioso

mysterious

22

morendo

dying away

23

moto, movimento

movement, motion

24

muta

change, e.g. as in changing the tuning of a kettle drum or in transferring from one instrument to another

25

naturale, nat.

in the ordinary way, a direction to a singer or instrumentalist to resume the normal method of performance (eg. after a col legno passage in string music)

26

vigoroso

vigorous, strong

27

vivace (I), vivement (F), vivo (I)

lively, quick

28

voce(I), voix (F)

voice (mezza voce: in an undertone, softly)

29

volta

time (prima volta: first time)