performance directions (Italian) grade 1-5 part 6 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in performance directions (Italian) grade 1-5 part 6 Deck (30):
1

risoluto

bold strong

2

ritardando, ritard, rit.

gradually getting slower

3

ritenuto, riten., rit

held back

4

ritmico

rhythmically

5

saltando, saltato

springing, a lightly bouncing bow technique on string instruments

6

scherzando, scherzoso

playful, joking (scherzo: a joke; im;lies a fast speed)

7

seconda, secondo

second (seconda volta: second time)

8

semplice

simple, plain

9

sempre

always

10

sino, sin'

until, up to (sin' al fine; until the end)

11

slargando, slentando

getting slower

12

slancio

enthusiasm, impetus (con slancio; with impetuosity)

13

soave

gentle, smooth

14

solenne

solemn, grave

15

sonoramente (I), sonore (F), sonoro (I)

resonant, with rich tone

16

sopra

above, on eg. a direction for keyboard players to place one hqand below the other

17

sordino, sord.

mute (con sordini: with mutes; senza sordini: without mutes)

18

sospirando

sighing

19

sotto

below, eg. a direction for keyboard players to place one hand below the other

20

sotto voce

in an undertone (lit. below the voice)

21

staccato, stacc.

detached, short (staccatissimo: very short)

22

strepitoso

noise, boisterous

23

stretto

quickening the speed (also means overlapping entries of a fugue subject)

24

stringendo

gradually getting faster

25

sul, sulla

on the (eg sul G: on the G string; sul ponticello: near (lit 'on') the bridge)

26

tanto

so much

27

tasto

the fingerboard of an instrument (sul tasto: on the fingerboard) or the key of a keyboard (tasto solo, TS: a direction to a continuo player not to add anything above the given bass)

28

tenerezza

tenderness

29

tre

three (tre corde: three strings, a direction to pianists to release the left pedal)

30

tremolando, tremolo, trem.

trembling, a direction for the rapid reiterations of a single note or alternations of different notes