performance directions (Italian) grade 1-5 part 5 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in performance directions (Italian) grade 1-5 part 5 Deck (30):
1

niente

nothing

2

nobilmente

nobly

3

nuovo

new (di nuovo: again)

4

obbligato

obligatory, indicating that an instrument has a special role and is essential (though the word is sometimes incorrectly used to mean 'optional"

5

ostinato

persistent, generally referring to a persistently repeated rhythm or melodic figure (a basso ostinato is a bass line with this feature)

6

ottava, ott.

octave (ottava bassa: octave lower; ottava alta: octave higher)

7

parlando

speaking, a direction to sing in a conversational style

8

patetico

with deep feeling, with pathos (not 'pathetic" in the sense of feeble!)

9

per

by, for, through, to

10

perdendosi

dying away

11

pesante

heavy

12

pietoso, pietosamente

tenderly (lit. 'pitifully')

13

pizzicato, pizz.

plucked, a direction for plucking the strings of a bowed instrument

14

placido

calm, peaceful

15

pochissimo, pochiss.

very little

16

poi

then

17

ponticello

bridge (on a string instrument)

18

portamento

slide from one note to the next (lit. carrying), a direction to a voice, bowed instrument or trombone

19

possibile

possible (Ieg. presto possibile; as fast as possible

20

precipitando, precipitato, precipitoso

rushing, headlong

21

prima, primo

first (prima volta; first time, used to distinguish between two different interpretations of a repeated section of music; tempo primo, first speed, used to revert to the opening tempo of a piece of music

22

quasi

as if, resembling (eg. quasi recitativo; like a recitative)

23

rallentando, rall.

gradually getting slower

24

repetizione, replica

repetition

25

rigoroso

strict

26

trionfale

triumphant

27

tristamente (I), triste (I,F)

sad

28

unisono, unis.

in unison, with everyone performing the same notes, a direction to cancel divisi

29

veloce

swift

30

vibrato

vibrating