Period Three (1754-1800) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Period Three (1754-1800) Deck (28):

Seven Years War

A conflict between Britain and France partly fought as a New World proxy war through native tribes


How did the Ohio company involve in the war?

The Ohio Company, a British enterprise, settled land around the valuable Ohio Valley, angering French and their native allies.


Albany Plan of Union

Benjamin Franklin's failed yet precedent-setting proposal to form an intercolonial government


What divides existed between the French and British

French were Catholic, British were Protestant.
French were more amicable to native tribes, whereas English disrupted the fur trade and desired for massive expansion into the interior.


Pontiac's Rebellion

A native campaign against settlements in Michigan, Ohio, and Pennsylvania. Pontiac, chief of the Ottawa, was notable for killing many settlers and trying to push them back.


Why did Pontiac's Rebellion increase tensions between British mainlanders and colonists?

The British could not afford to defend Detroit, leading to a successful native assault.


Proclamation Line of 1763

An imaginary line that barred colonists from crossing into the interior


Treaty of Paris

A treaty that took nearly all French land in Canada, India, and east of the Mississippi. Also, Spanish gained some French land and New Orleans, but lost Florida. England gained all the lost territory.


Paxton Boys

A group of armed settlers who massacred peaceful natives in retaliation against the Pennsylvania government not defending the PA settlers against hostile natives


The Regulators

A group of land-hungry vigilante settlers who wanted more protection in Western lands and clashed with the Cherokees


End of salutary neglect

This came about from a series of direct taxes on colonists (rather than import/export duties), including the Sugar Act


Writs of assistance

A document that rendered a warrant unnecessary


Quartering Act

A law requiring colonists to quarter soldiers at their expense


Stamp Act

A law requiring ALL commercial transactions to be stamped with a cheap, but not free, British stamp.


James Otis's slogan

"No taxation without representation"


Stamp Act Congress

A congress led by Massachusetts Legislature in direct opposition to Stamp Act


Patrick Henry's Mo Parallel Catchphrase™

"Give me liberty or give me death."


Declaratory Act

British can tax and make laws for Americans in all cases necessary


Townshend Acts

Placed taxes on all American goods


Boston Massacre

A "massacre" where five colonists were killed, led to even more tension


Gaspee incident

British ship runs aground, colonists steal goods and kill crew, colonists extradited to Great Britain


Committees of Correspondence

Coordinated action against GB, designed to broaden resistance


Boston Tea Party

The destruction of plenty of British tea, did not have unanimous support among colonists


Intolerable Acts

A series of laws punishing Massachusetts for the Boston Tea Party


What ideals was the revolution based on?

English legal precedent: protection of life and property
Enlightenment rationalism: natural rights and separation of powers
Deism: God established natural laws and does not intervene in universe
Republicanism: favored representative government, disliked arbitrary taxes


Examples of grassroots movements

Artisan political activism: Paul Revere's engraving of Boston Massacre
Mercy Otis Warren: organized Daughters of Liberty to boycott British goods
Samuel Adams: organized Sons of Liberty


First Continental Congress

Met in Philadelphia because of Intolerable Acts, asked king to redress colonial grievances while stating Parliament could still regulate commerce
Did not call for revolution unanimously


Olive Branch Petition

A failed petition to the king blaming Parliament for the unrest in the colonies