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Flashcards in Personality And Intelligence Deck (11):
1

What is the lexical hypothesis

Based on the assumption that analysis of personality is possible through the study of language
Single word descriptors evolve for important constructs
More important constructs hAve more important words to describe it
See what words are frequently used and group them together
Pick out the important dimensions

2

What did Campbell and Howley find about studying

Extroverts prefer to study in areas with people around and socialise
Introverts prefer to study alone

3

What is psychotic ism

Agressive, impulsive, creative

4

Why is 3 factors of personality not enough and what did Type and Christol find

Too broad, not specific, tries to reduce human race
Used US Air Force test and found 5 factors

5

What did Costa and McCrae 5 factor model have

Openness, agreeableness, conscientiousness, neuroticism, extra version

6

What is general intelligence

'G'- if someone is good at one thing they are likely to be good at another

7

What two constructs does 'g' contain

Crystallised intelligence: acquired knowledge
Fluid intelligence: abstract reasoning
Gc increase over life, gf stabilise in early years and declines

8

How do we test 'g'

Weschler Adult Intelligence Scale WAIS
All gender and social classes
Performance IQ: block design
Verbal IQ: vocab, info, digit span
Use more abstract ability
Minis me effect of cultural and linguistic influences

9

What is Thurstones multi factor theory

Associative memory
Space
Reasoning
Number
Perceptual speed
Word fluency
Verbal comprehension

10

What did Gardner find, multiple intelligence

Linguistic
Logical mathematical
Body kinaesthetic
Spatial
Interpersonal
Intrapersonal
Musical
Then added naturalist and extentialist

11

What are correlations

When someone gives an answer on a personality test, so,e answers will correlate highly with each other
Then look at which answers correlate
Assume these are measuring the same basic dimensions and there will be a cluster of correlations