Personality Disorders Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Personality Disorders Deck (18):
1

Definition: An enduring, repetitive pattern of perceiving, relating to, and thinking about the environment and oneself.

Personality trait

2

Definition: Inflexible, maladaptive, and rigidly pervasive pattern of behavior causing subjective distress and/or impaired functioning; person is usually not aware of problem. Usually presents by early adulthood.

Personality disorder

3

What Cluster?

Odd or eccentric; inability to develop meaningful social relationships. No psychosis; genetic association with schizophrenia.

Cluster A

4

What Cluster?

Dramatic, emotional, or erratic; genetic association with mood disorders and substance abuse.

Cluster B

5

What Cluster?

Anxious or fearful; genetic association with anxiety disorders.

Cluster C

6

Name the 3 types of personality disorders in Cluster A

Paranoid
Schizoid
Schizotypal

7

Name the 4 types of personality disorders in Cluster B

Antisocial
Borderline
Histrionic
Narcissistic

8

Name the 3 types of personality disorders in Cluster C

Avoidant
Obsessive Compulsive
Dependent

9

Personality Disorder and Cluster

Pervasive distrust and suspiciousness; projection is the major defense mechanism.

Paranoid
Cluster A

10

Personality Disorder and Cluster

Voluntary social withdrawal, limited emotional expression, content with social isolation (vs. avoidant).

Schizoid
Cluster A

11

Personality Disorder and Cluster

Eccentric appearance, odd beliefs or magical thinking, interpersonal awkwardness.

Schizotypal
Cluster A

12

Personality Disorder and Cluster

Disregard for and violation of rights of others, criminality, impulsivity; males > females; must be ≥ 18 years old and have history of conduct disorder before age 15. Conduct disorder if

Anti-Social
Cluster B

13

Personality Disorder and Cluster

Unstable mood and interpersonal relationships,
impulsivity, self-mutilation, boredom, sense of emptiness; females > males; splitting is a major defense mechanism.

Borderline
Cluster B

14

Personality Disorder and Cluster

Excessive emotionality and excitability, attention seeking, sexually provocative, overly concerned with appearance.

Histrionic
Cluster B

15

Personality Disorder and Cluster

Grandiosity, sense of entitlement; lacks empathy and requires excessive admiration; often demands the “best” and reacts to criticism with rage.

Narcissistic
Cluster B

16

Personality Disorder and Cluster

Hypersensitive to rejection, socially inhibited, timid, feelings of inadequacy, desires relationships with others (vs. schizoid).

Avoidant
Cluster C

17

Personality Disorder and Cluster

Preoccupation with order, perfectionism, and control; ego-syntonic: behavior consistent with one’s own beliefs and attitudes (vs. OCD).

Obsessive-Compulsive
Cluster C

18

Personality Disorder and Cluster

Submissive and clingy, excessive need to be taken care of, low self-confidence.
Patients often get stuck in abusive relationships.

Dependent
Cluster C