Personality Disorders Flashcards Preview

Applied Behavioral Medicine > Personality Disorders > Flashcards

Flashcards in Personality Disorders Deck (39)
Loading flashcards...

Describe main characteristics of Antisocial Personality disorder

1. Aggressive
2. No remorse/regret, lack of empathy**
3. Repeated violations of other people and doesn’t care or blames them
4. Can’t read other people’s emotions
5. Does not conform to social norms
6. Controlling
7. Reckless


Describe main characteristics of Avoidant Personality disorder

1. Fearful, awkward, loner
2. Want to have relationships with other people but afraid of being rejected (vs schizoid – don’t want relationships, lack of interest)
3. Fear of being judged/scrutinized
4. Spiral of being awkward and then people avoiding relationship with person and more fearful
5. Hard to involve person in patient-provider relationship


Describe main characteristics of Borderline Personality disorder

1. Inconsistency – love/hate, don’t leave me/I need you
2. Emotions, relationships unstable
3. Can be needy, attention seeking, push boundaries
4. Want to feel special/have special relationship
5. Want special privileges in patient-provider relationship – will put on pedestal but if one small slight will disown you
6. Like walking on eggshells for family members
7. Hard to differentiate from histrionic sometimes – very sexual for histrionic (Karen)


Describe main characteristics of Dependent Personality disorder

1. People-pleaser
2. Indecisive with even mundane things, helpless
3. Wife relies on husband to make all decisions, do everything, go with her places, what to wear
4. Can also see with children and parents, child can’t separate from parents even into adolescence
5. Can also glom on to provider


Describe main characteristics of Histrionic Personality disorder

More sexual/provocative (Karen)


Describe main characteristics of Narcissistic Personality disorder

1. Self-centered, inflated, grandiose
2. Our president is perfect example according to Rachel
3. Ego needs constant attention, will never admit to being wrong, extreme reaction to being criticized
4. Never their fault, even if they behave poorly
5. Always turn conversation around to talk about themselves, everything relates back to them
6. Very entitled, demanding, wants special treatment because better than everyone else and they deserve it


Describe main characteristics of Obsessive Compulsive Personality disorder

1. Rigidity around rules, neatness, cleanliness, order
2. Houses are incredibly organized or neat
*OCD can have messy house because not what they’re obsessing about
3. Anxiety if things are out of place but in their mind everyone should be like them
4. OCD: realize what they’re doing is irrational
5. Not extreme anxiety with OCD


Describe main characteristics of Paranoid Personality disorder

1. Suspicious, mistrust
2. Don’t confide in anyone – feel info will be turned against you
3. Healthcare: don’t trust provider
-Office overcharging them
-Ordering unnecessary tests to get more money
-Other people getting better care than they are
4. Everyone out to get them, to swindle them (interpret normal behavior this way)
5. Not well liked by anyone
6. Accusatory and unfriendly


Describe main characteristics of Schizoid Personality disorder

1. Indifferent
2. Don’t seek out relationships (not afraid, just don’t want them)
3. Seek out jobs where don’t interact with people
4. Viewed as cold, mean, hostile – but just don’t want to interact
5. If parent, not interested in kid
6. Few would work in healthcare setting – would not want to be in this setting except maybe radiologist or path


Describe main characteristics of Schizotypal Personality disorder

1. Can look like schizophrenia and higher correlation with developing schizophrenia
-But no negative sx or disordered sx
-Not as extreme
2. Odd way of viewing the world, magical thinking
3. Phoebe on friends – quirky views on why things happen
4. Can see symptoms that look like psychosis
5. Hard time with relationships because so odd


Explain the difference between “normal” personality versus a PD

Normal: A collection of personality traits that added together define an individual
-A person’s personality is adaptable to different situations, people etc.-- even if feels uncomfortable

PD: personality traits become rigid and NON-adaptive to situations
-interfere w/ daily fxning, success, can cause sign. distress or interpersonal relatioship problems


Personality is a person’s enduring and habitual patterns of:

1. Behaving
2. thinking
3. emotional regulation
4. ways of relating to others


Common shared traits amongst personality disorders

1. Skewed/distorted sense of self (lack insight into self)
2. Low frustration intolerance because so inflexible
3. Difficulty dealing with stress
4. Often blames others, has “victim” mentality, lack of responsibility for own behaviors
5. Often has poor/no insight into personality issues


Describe the reasons providers should be aware of/knowledgeable about PD’s

1. Board exams may ask to identify a personality disorder
2. If treating a patient with meds and not responding -> an underlying personality disorder may be the reason
3. If annoyed by/uncomfortable with/befuddled by a patient -> an underlying personality disorder may be the reason
4. Awareness is important! Helps provider not be as bothered or frustrated w/pt
**Naming the personality disorder is not always necessary, important or even beneficial to the patient. Awareness is the key!
5. Patients with personality disorders can be frustrating, annoying, even scary BUT remind yourselves that they are suffering
-they to live with themselves all the time

**The ultimate goal as a provider is to provide as good care while maintaining our safety and boundaries


Example: Hannibal Lector, Miss Trunchbull (Matilda), Kevin (We Need to Talk about Kevin), The Joker, Mr. Harvey (Lovely Bones)



These terms go with what personality disorder:
1. antisocial
2. Avoidant
3. boderline
4. Dependent
5. Histrionic
6. Narcissistic
7. Obsessive compulsive
8. Paranoid
9. Schizoid
10. Schizotypal

1. Cruel, lack of empathy:
2. Fearful, awkward, loner:
3. Unstable frenemy
4. indecisive, ppl pleaser, obsequious (obedient)
5. Praise me
6. self-centered, entitled, lacking empathy for others
7. Just right, perfectionism
8. suspicious mistrust
9. Indifferent
10. eccentric, discomfort w/ close relationships


i. Example: Elsa from Frozen, Charlie Brown, Michael Jackson



Health care challenges of Avoidant PD

1. Avoids seeking medical care: Afraid of one-on-one social interaction
2. Fear of judgment or scrutiny for their medical conditions (weight/cholesterol/HTN, etc.)
3. Lack of faith in themselves that they could make changes to improve health
4. Lack of social support
5. Difficulty opening up to to provider/giving a complete history


Management as a provider
1. These patients tend to “get on your nerves” and are prone to form intense relationships
2. Establish good boundaries and emotional boundaries
3. Make sure to have a chaperone present during sensitive exams
4. Avoid using medical jargon to avoid distorted communication



1. Difficulty expressing disagreement/dealing with conflict 

2. Fear of Abandonment - do not like being alone 

3. Difficulty making simple decisions - what outfit to wear, yogurt to eat 
4. Pretty common (runs in families, seen in female > males)
5. Red flags: adolescents who rely on parents for age-appropriate decisions



Managment of dependent

meds to tx underlying anxiety/depression


Dependent health care issues

1. Unable to participate in shared decision making 

2. Places needs of caregiver above their own 

3. Higher rates of anxiety, depression, phobias, substance abuse


i. Examples: Scarlet O’Hara, stepsisters from Cinderella, Miss Piggy, Regina from Mean Girls



1. Provocative or seductive behavior 

2. Relationships are considered more intimate
than reality
3. Attention seeking 

4. Dramatic, over-react to minor issues (hangnail is a medical emergency)



Histrionic health care issues

1. Difficult patients!
2. Hard to take history
3. Makes medical staff uncomfortable
4. Exaggerates symptoms and difficulties
5. Emotionally needy and time consuming


i. Example: Gaston from Beauty and the Beast



1. Expect constant attention, affirmation 

2. Sense of entitlement
3. Grandiose sense of self-importance
4. Expects to be recognized as special by others
5. Lack of empathy
6. Preoccupied by fantasies of perfect love
7. Arrogant behaviors or attitudes
8. Extreme negative reaction to rejections



Narcissistic health care issues

1. May think they are the most important patient
2. Demanding (may demand to see the doctor instead of the PA)
3. Co-morbidities: anxiety, depression, substance abuse


i. Example: Monica from Friends

Obsessive compulsive


1. Preoccupation with lists, rules, details, and schedules to an excessive extent
2. Unable to complete a project b/c their overly strict standards are not met
3. Friendships and leisure activities come second to work
4. Rigid following of morals, ethics, or values
5. Hoarding-type tendencies
6. Lack of faith in others to complete tasks that meet their standards
7. Stubborn in their ways

Obsessive compulsive