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Flashcards in Personality Disorders Deck (13):
1

Cluster A personality disorders

- "weird": odd or eccentric; inability to develop meaningful social relationships. No psychosis; genetic assoc with schizo
- A: Accusatory, Aloof, Awkward
- Paranoid (accusatory)
- Schizoid (Aloof)
- Schizotypal (Awkward)

2

Cluster B personality disorders

- "Wild": dramatic, emotional or erratic; genetic assoc with mood disorders and substance abuse
- B: Bad, Borderline, flamBoyant, must be the Best
- Antisocial (Bad)
- Borderline
- Histrionic (flamBoyant)
- Narcissistic

3

Cluster C personality disorders

- "Worried": anxious or fearful; genetic assoc with anxiety disorders
- C: Cowardly, obsessive-Compulsive, Clingy
- Avoidant (cowardly)
- obsessive-Compulsive
- dependent (clingy)

4

Borderline

- cluster B personality disorder: "Wild" (B: Bad, Borderline, flamBoyant, must be the Best)
- Borderline: unstable mood and interpersonal relationships, impulsivity, self-mutilation, suicidality, sense of emptiness
- chaotic relationships, labile mood
- females > males
- splitting is major defense mechanism (believing people are either all good or all bad due to intolerance of ambiguity)

5

Avoidant

- Type C Personality Disorder; "Worried" C: Cowardly, obsessive-Compulsive, Clingy
- Avoidant: "cowardly": hypersensitive to rejection, socially inhibited, timid, feelings of inadequacy, desires relationships with others (vs schizoid)

6

Histrionic

- cluster B personality disorder: "Wild" (B: Bad, Borderline, flamBoyant, must be the Best)
- excessive emotionality and excitability, attention seeking, sexually provocative, overly concerned with appearance

7

paranoid

- Cluster A personality disorder: "weird" A: Accusatory, Aloof, Awkward
- pervasive distrust (accusatory) and suspiciousness of others and a profoundly cynical view of the world; hypervigilant

8

schizotypal

- Cluster A personality disorder: "weird" A: Accusatory, Aloof, Awkward
- eccentric appearance, odd beliefs or magical thinking; interpersonal awkwardness

9

dependent

- Type C Personality Disorder; "Worried" C: Cowardly, obsessive-Compulsive, Clingy
- submissive and Clingy, excessive need to be taken care of, low confidence; often get stuck in abusive relationships.

10

schizoid

- Cluster A personality disorder: "weird" A: Accusatory, Aloof, Awkward
- Voluntary social withdrawal (aloof), limited emotional expression, content with social isolation (vs avoidant who desires relationships with others)

11

obsessive-compulsive personality disorder

- Type C Personality Disorder; "worried" C: Cowardly, obsessive-Compulsive, Clingy
- preoccupation with order, perfectionism and control, rigid, controlling
- ego-syntonic: behavior consistent with one's own beliefs and attitudees (vs OCD)

12

antisocial

- cluster B personality disorder: "wild" (B: Bad, Borderline, flamBoyant, must be the Best)
- sociopath; "bad"
- disregard for and violation of rights of others with lack or remorse, criminality, impulsivitiy
- males >females; must be 18 and have history of conduct disorder before age 15. If < 18 = conduct disorder

13

narcissistic

- cluster B personality disorder: "wild" (B: Bad, Borderline, flamBoyant, must be the Best)
- lacks empathy; grandiosity, sense of entitlement, requires excessive admiration
- reacts to criticism with rage