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Flashcards in psychology Deck (16):
1

transference

- pt projects feelings about formative or other important persons onto physician (pt sees dr as parent)

2

adding stimulus results in increased behavior

- positive reinforcement
- type of operant conditioning (learning where action is elicited bc it produces a punishment or reward.
- extinction: discontinuation of reinforcement (+ or -) eventually eliminates behavior. Can occur in operant or classical conditioning
- classical conditioning usually deals with involuntary responses (Pavlov's dogs)

3

counter transference

doctor projects feelings about formative/other important persons onto patient (ie dr sees pt as younger sibling)

4

adding stimulus results in decreased behavior

- positive punishment
- ie spanking (adding averse stimulus)
- type of operant conditioning (learning where action is elicited bc it produces a punishment or reward.

5

Mature defenses

- "Mature adults wear a SASH"
- S: Sublimation
- A: Altruism
- S: Suppression
- H: Humor

6

removing stimulus results in increased behavior

- negative reinforcement
- ex: smell bad --> shower --> BO goes away
- type of operant conditioning (learning where action is elicited bc it produces a punishment or reward.
- extinction: discontinuation of reinforcement (+ or -) eventually eliminates behavior. Can occur in operant or classical conditioning
- classical conditioning usually deals with involuntary responses (Pavlov's dogs)

7

Sublimation

- replacing unacceptable wish w/ a course of action that is similar but doesn't conflict with one's own value system
- ex) physical exercise when angry
- same impulse, just directed differently
- as opposed to reaction formation where a patient replaces a warded-off idea/feeling by unconsciously focusing on the opposite. ie pt with lustful thoughts enters monastery. This is unfulfilling
- Mature defense "Mature adults wear a SASH"

8

removing stimulus or removal of desired reward results in decreased behavior

- negative punishment
- ex) withold allowance
- type of operant conditioning (learning where action is elicited bc it produces a punishment or reward.

9

Altruism

- alleviating negative feelings with unsolicited generosity
- Mature defense "Mature adults wear a SASH"

10

Suppression

- temporarily, intentionally withholding an idea or feeling from conscious awareness (vs repression)
- choosing not to worry about the big game until game time
- as opposed to repression: involuntarily withholding an idea/feeling from conscious awareness. Common in child abuse/sexual assault
- Mature defense "Mature adults wear a SASH"

11

Projection

- attributing an unacceptable internal impulse to an external source. Project your problems onto someone else.
-vs displacement: redirection of emotions or impulses to a neutral person/object. ie instead of confronting mean boss directly, takes anger out on husband

12

fixation

- partially remaining at a more childish level of development. ie adult throwing trantrum
- occurs during childhood. part of personal growth may get stunted and fixate on behaviors as form of gratification/escapism
- regression: INVOLUNTARILY turning back maturity and going back to earlier modes of dealing with world. seen in kids under stress like illnesses, punishment, birth of new sibling (bed wetting in previously potty trained kid when hospitalized; suck thumb)

13

identification

- largely unconscious assumption of the characteristics, qualities, traits of another; mimic someone's behavior
- common in abuse households

14

isolation (of affect)

- separating feelings from ideas and events
- ie describing murder in graphic detail w/ no emotional response

15

this is a from of indirect opposition

passive aggression

16

Splitting

- believing that people are either all good or all bad at different times due to intolerance of ambiguity.
- ie pt says all nurses are cold/insensitive but the doctors are warm/friendly
- Commonly seen in borderline personality disorder