Flashcards in Pertussis Deck (10):
Organisms that cause pertussis?
Bordetella pertussis, bordatella parapertussis
Name the stage of pertussis infection?
Catarrhal stage, paroxysmal stage, convalescent stage
Describe catarrhal stage
URI symptoms, low grade fever 1-2 weeks
Describe paroxysmal stage
Whoop, post tussive emesis, prolonged coughing fits
When do you need to diagnosis and treat to prevent whooping cough episodes?
What labs and imaging should you get if you suspect pertussis?
Pertussis pcr, only test obtained if you suspect pertusis, CBC (may show lymphocytosis), CXR
What is used in early treatment?
Azithromycin, eliminates nosopharyngeal carriage. Want to prophylactically treat family
Possible complications of pertusis?
pneumonia, atelectasis (complete or partial collapse of the lung), pneumothorax, pneumomediastinum, emphysema
What is the recommended interval for pertussis vaccine?
DTAP- 2, 4, 6, months. Booster at 18 months and 4 yo. TDAP at 11 years old. Booster every 10 years (ONLY VACCINE FOR BORDATELLA PERTUSSIS)