Flashcards in Pharm 1 - Exam 2 Deck (94)
This class of anti-arrhythmics contain beta blockers.
Class III Anti-arrhythmics affect what channel?
This class of Anti-arrhythmics affects Ca+ channels.
This drug is a Class Ia anti-arrhythmic that affects phase 0 of the cardiac cycle
Describe the presentation of cinchonism (5 things)
1. blurred vision
This drug may induce ventricular tachycardia, called Torsades des Pointes
Name the cardiac specific beta blocker and its class that is indicated for arrythmias.
Class II Anti-arrhythmic
What phase of cardiac AP do Class II and Class IV anti-arrythmics affect? What side effect might they both have?
bradycardia because they slows AV conduction
What is the most common side effect of all anti-arrythmics?
In what class of drugs is Amiodarone/Cordarone?
Class III Anti-arrhythmic
This drug has the potential to produce a blue-grey coloring of the skin due to it's high iodine content.
ami-IOD-arone = iodine
In what anti-arrhythmic class is Verapamil?
Ca+ Channel Blocker
Name three "other" anti-arrhythmics
This is the official drug of choice for the initial treatment of PSVT (paroxysmal superventricular tachycardia)
Adenosine/Adenocard has a duration of action of ___________.
This drug is indicated (for cardiac use) in life threatening bradycardia and hypotension
What is the MOA of Atropine?
Competitive inhibitor of muscarinic ACh receptors
Name 4 extra-cardiac uses of Atropine
2. pre-operative (decreases bronchial & salivary secretions)
3. to treat organophosphate poisoning
4. as a cycloplegic/mydriatic (paralyzes accomodation/dilates pupils)
What does SLUDGE stand for and what does it indicate?
What type of toxicity is described by saying: "Dry as a bone, red as a beet, hot as a hare and mad as a hatter"?
What is the antidote for Atropine?
Digoxin toxicity potential is increased when combine with what other drug class?
K+ wasting drug without K+ supplementation
The long half-life of Digoxin may have what effect on an EKG reading?
Flattening or inversion of the T wave
What 4 systems are affected in Digitalis intoxication?
What is the antidote for Digoxin?
Digoxin immune Fabs
What number should LDL/HDL not exceed?
Total Cholesterol/HDL should not exceed ___
Niacin causes what characteristic side effects?
What lab values should be watched with Niacin/Nicotinic Acid use?