Flashcards in Pharm 1 - Exam 3 Deck (78):
Which three anti-fungals target ergosterol in the cell membrane of fungi and protozoa?
Name two topical anti-fungals that could be used to treat tinea and other superficial skin infections.
What class of drugs often has an -azole ending?
What is the current drug of choice for the treatment of onychomycosis of toenail or fingernail?
What labs should be monitored when using Terbinafine/Lamisil orally?
This is the drug of choice for yeast infections, systemic mycoses, cryptococcous, and histoplasmosis.
This drug has side effects that may be improved by pre-medication treatment with NSAIDs, prednisone or benedryl.
This drug is often reserved for severe systemic fungal infections because of its "shake and bake" side effects.
Amphotericin B/Amphocil AKA Ampho-terrible
What is the drug combination used to treat tuberculosis?
Which drug, used to treat tuberculosis, inhibits the synthesis of mycolic acid in the cell wall and is known for causing paresthesias?
This drug, used to treat TB, is known to induce pyridoxine deficiency and therefore B6 must be a part of the protocol.
This drug is used to treat Influenza A and B but must be given within 48 hours of the onset of symptoms?
Which drug is given as an oral inhaler to treat influenza?
Which drug is used to treat influenza as well as Parkinson's disease (short-term)?
What influenza drug is known to have bronchospasm as a side effect?
What is the MOA for the influenza drugs?
Inhibits neuramidase, which prevents viral budding
This drug is used to treat active herpes infection.
This drug is a guanosine analog that is incorporated into the viral DNA - inhibits replication
What are the 4 kinds of HIV drugs?
Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
What does HAART stand for?
Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy
What makes up HAART treatment?
A combination of at least 3 HIV drugs
Name the reverse transcriptase drug.
Name the protease inhibitor drug.
This HIV drug is a pyrimidine analog.
What is alpha interferons used for?
What are beta interferons used for?
What are gamma interferons used for?
What is added to pegylated IFN alpha to make it last longer in the body?
When treating Hep C, which drug often accompanies pegylated IFN alpha?
Which 4 vaccines are killed virus?
What 2 vaccines are recombinant protein?
HPV - Gardisil/Cervarix
What is the recommended population to receive LAIV/FluMist?
healthy individuals from 2yo-49yo.
Not for pregnant or immunocompromised pts.
What HPV serotypes are covered by Gardisil v. Cervarix?
Gardisil: 6, 11, 16, 18
Cervarix: 16, 18
T/F. DTAP vaccine contains part of the tetanus organism.
False. It contains a toxoid antigen.
In patients with sickle cell anemia, asplenia or nephrotic syndrome, which vaccine is imperative?
Which two vaccines are conjugate?
Hib and meningococcal
Which vaccine formate is most likely to produce an adequate immune response?
Patients older than sixty start to have a marked decline in titers of what organism.
This stool softener works as an anionic surfactant (helps lubricate stool).
This stool softener works as an osmotic agent to draw water into the GI tract.
magnesium hydroxide/milk of magnesia
This drug is a stimulant/irritant laxative.
This drug is an antidiarrheal that acts as an opioid receptor agonist.
This class of drugs is generally contraindicated in patients with bacterial or parasitic infections with fever.
This antiemetic is and H1 blocker
Metoclopramide/Reglan is a dopamine 2 ________ (agonist/antagonist) and mixed serotonin 3 _________/serotonin 4 _________ and is particularly indicated in diabetic gastroparesis.
antagonist, antagonist, agonist
This drug is indicated in sever nausea and is commonly given prior to chemotherapy treatments.
What agent will inactivate the emetic effect of Syrup of Ipecac?
What is the triple therapy used for PUD/H. pylori infection?
PPI, 20mg BID
amoxicillin, 1g BID
clarithromycin, 500mg BID
This drug is a H2 receptor agonist used to treat gastritis, PUD and GERD.
What do H2 receptor agonist and proton pump inhibitors put people at risk for?
GI infections d/t lowered stomach acid.
PPIs are most likely to increase incidence
This drug is a proton pump inhibitor
This class of drugs works by inhibiting the H+/K+ ATP-ase pump of parietal cells, which reduces acid secretion
Proton pump inhibitors
What other kind of medication should be taken away from PPIs?
What is the difference between OTC and prescription Omeprazole/Prilosec?
OTC is half the dose of the prescription.
Of the drugs to treat gastritis, GERD and PUD, which is the most potent?
What is the difference between Omeprazole/Prilosec and Esomeprazole/Nexium?
The molecules are mirror images and the pills are different colors. Otherwise, they are they function exactly the same.
What class of drugs might be substituted for the PPI in the triple therapy used to treat H. pylori/PUD?
This aminosalicylate is more effective in treating UC as opposed to Crohn's disease.
5-Aminosalicylic Acid (5-ASA)/Mesalamine
What is the difference between Aspirin and 5-ASA?
5-ASA is a pro-drug that is converted to acetylsalicylic acid by gut bacteria.
Do antibiotics benefit Crohn's or UC patients more?
What are the two most commonly used antibiotics for Crohn's disease?
Name this antibiotic:
Side effect is N/V
Alcohol should be avoided when taking
Name this antibiotic:
Has an affinity for Ca so should be avoided by pregnant/lactating women and children.
Has risk for tendon rupture
This drug is indicated for traveler's diarrhea and hepatic encephalopathy
This drug's site of action is in the ileum and ascending colon and is indicated in mild-moderate Crohn's disease.
These two drugs are immunomodulators indicated in IBD, RA, and other AI diseases that increases a pts risk of infection.
This drug is an human monoclonal antibody against TNF alpha.
This drug significantly increases a person's risk of T-cell lymphoma and drug induced lupus
This drug is an alpha 1 antagonist used in the treatment of BPH.
This drug is a 5-alpha reductase inhibitor that blocks the conversion of testosterone to dihydrotestosterone..
This drug is Category X and pregnant women should not even handle the crushed/broken tablets.
This drug is typically used for BPH but in lower doses can be used for alopecia.
Which drug turns urine and tears orange.
T/F. Phenaxolpyridine/Pyridium has antibiotic action.
False. Only relieves pain and is primarily used short-term (~2 days)
What is the CDC recommendation for the treatment of non-multi-drug resistant strains of TB?
For 2 months
Continuation of INH and RIF for 4-7 months
What is the CDC recommendation for the treatment of multi-drug resistant strains of TB?
Streptomycin, hydrazine, Rifampicin, ethambutol, pyraZinamide, moxifloxacin, cycloserine
What drug and dosage would you give for a patient with genital/mucocutaneous HSV?
initial: 400mg PO TID x 7-10 days
recurrence: 400mg PO TID TID x 5 days