Pharmacology, Drugs and Sports Flashcards Preview

AT 530 Injury Prevention > Pharmacology, Drugs and Sports > Flashcards

Flashcards in Pharmacology, Drugs and Sports Deck (60)
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1

Drug

A chemical agent used in the prevention, treatment or diagnosis of disease.

2

Internal Administration

Inhalation
intradermal
Intramuscular
Intranasal
intraspinal
Intravaginal
Intravenous (Fastest, immediate response)
Oral
Rectal (Limited due to dosage regulation)
Sublingual/buccal

3

External Administration

Inuntions (oil based medication rubbed into the skin)
Ointments (long lasting topical medication)
Pastes (ointments with non-fat base)
Plasters (thick ointment, counterirritants)
Transdermal patches (slow release mechanism)
Solutions (administered externally)

4

Drug Vehicle

A drug vehicle is a therapeutically inactive substance that transports a drug. A drug is housed in a vehicle that my be either a solid or a liquid.

5

Administering Definition

Administering a drug is defined as providing a single dose of medication for immediate use by the pt.

6

Dispensing Definition

dispensing is providing the pt with a drug in a quantity sufficient for multiple doses.

By law, only licensed persons may prescribe or dispense drugs for an athlete.
Athletic trainers are not allowed to dispense medication unless allowed by state reguators.

7

Administering OTC Drugs

Athletic trainers may be allowed to administer a single dose of nonprescription medication.

8

General Guidelines for Administration

Should be taken as directed
Should not be used in combination without approval of a physician.
Do not use past expiration
Labels should not be removed
Take medications with water unless directed otherwise
Take with food or as directed
Containers should be childproof
Provide verbal and written instructions
Athletes should read the label information and know dosage schedule
Medications should not be shared with other individuals
Ensure that the athlete is aware of side effects and possible addictions
Be aware of interaction between meds and exercise

9

Traveling with Medication

Medication should not be stored in luggage, but carried by the athlete.
Prescription medications; bring extra
Make sure there is a source of medication while traveling
Travel with copies of written prescriptions
Keep medication in its original container
If traveling internationally understand restriction of other countries.

10

Local Antiseptics and Disinfectants

Types of antiseptics and disinfectants ate germicides, which are designed to destroy bacteria; fungicides, which kill fungi; sporicides, which destroy spores; and sanitizers, which minimize contamination by microorganisms.

11

Antiseptics

Applied to living tissue to kill bacteria or inhibit growth.

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Disinfectants

Used to combat microorganisms.
Applied to non-living objects or surfaces.

13

Germicides

designed to destroy bacteria.
fungicides, sporicides and sanitizers.

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Alcohol

Most widely used skin disinfectant
Ethyl alcohol and isoprophyl alcohol are equally effective
Inexpensive and non-limiting
Kills bacteria immediately with the exception of spores
Can be used as an antiseptic or astringent
70% solution can be used to disinfect instruments.

15

Phenol

Early antiseptic and disinfectant
Used to control disease organisms
Found in various concentrations and emollients
Derivatives include, resorcinol, thymol, and lysol

16

Halogens

Chorine, bromine, flouride
Betadine solution

17

Oxidizing Agents

Hydrogen Peroxide
Readily decomposes in presence of organic substances and has little use as an antiseptic.
Dilute solution can be used to treat inflammatory mouth and throat conditions.

18

Antifungal Agents

medicine used to treat fungi
Numerous antifungals agents
Some administered orally - must be carefully monitored by physician

19

Antibiotics

Disrupt metabloic processes of pathogenic microorganisms.
Used topically or as a systemic medications
Indiscriminate use can produce hypersensitivity and prevent development of natural immunity or resistance to subsequent infections.
Must be carefully controlled by a physician

20

Penicilin and Cephalosporins

Antibiotic
Used to treat kin and systemic infections
Interferes with metabolism of bacteria.

21

Bacitracin

Antibiotic
Antibacterial agent

22

Tetracycline

Antibiotic
Wide group of antibiotics that have broad antibacterial spectrum
Usually taken orally.

23

Macrolides

Antibiotic
Used for streptococcal infection and mycoplasma pneumoniae.
Same general spectrum as penicilin but can be used with individuals allergic to penicilin.

24

Sulfonamides

Antibiotic
Group of synthetic antibiotics
Used for UTI and skin infections

25

Quinolones

Antibiotic
A new group of antibiotics with broad spectrum of activity.
Must be carefully monitored for adverse effects

26

Asthma

A chronic inflammatory ling disorder characterized by obstruction of the airways as a result of complex inflammatory processes, smooth muscle spasm, and hyperresponsivness to a variety of stimuli.

27

Goals for Asthma Therapy

Prevent chronic and troublesome symptoms
Maintain normal lung function
Prevent exacerbation
Provide adequate pharmacotherapy with minimal adverse effects.
Meet athletes expectations of and satisfaction with asthma care.

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Portable Hand-Held Inhalers are Available

Meter dosed inhalers (pressurized canister)
Dry powder inhalers
Nebulizer

Often individuals become dependent on inhalers

29

Drugs That Inhibit Pain and Inflammation

Drugs used to inhibit pain or inflammation include:
Counterirritants and local anesthetics
Narcotic analgesics
Nonnarcotic analgesics and antipyretics

30

Possible Reasons that Pain is Inhibited

The excitatory effect of an individual impulse is depressed.
An individual impulse is inhibited.
The perceived impulse is decreased.
Anxiety created by pain or impending pain is decreased.