Pharmacology Receptors (L3&4) Flashcards Preview

Year 1 PHA > Pharmacology Receptors (L3&4) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Pharmacology Receptors (L3&4) Deck (19)
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1

What is a metabotropic receptor?

A receptor which acts through a secondary messenger

2

Describe the structure of GCPR and associated G-proteins

Single polypeptide, 7 transmembrane domains (alpha helices), ligand bind to either extracellular domain or transmembrane,

3

Give examples of G-protein coupled receptors

Muscarinic acetylcholine receptor, Alpha/Beta receptors

4

Give an example of enzyme-linked receptor

alpha/beta receptors

5

Describe a model of G-protein recycling and activation of second messenger systems

When a ligand binds to the GCPR it causes conformational change and causes alpha subunit to exchange GDP-GTP activating alpha unit and carries out effect, beta-gamma subunit which also carries out effects, alpha subunit then hydrolysed producing GDP which rebinds to GCPR

6

What is mean by structure activity relationship?

Where the structure of a ligand affects the amount of activity

7

Give an example of enzyme-linked receptor

Insulin receptor

8

What is a common path of activation of molecules?

Phosphorylation

9

What do alpa and beta adrenorecpetors cause?

Alpha- constrict blood vessels and bronchioles
Beta- increases HR and bronchodilation

10

How does an enzyme linked receptor work?

Tyrosine kinase domain, receptor binds, causing two receptors together and phosphorylate each other, which causes cellular response

11

What is an ionotropic receptor?

Receptors links to ion channels (ligand-gated ion channels)

12

What are examples of ionotropic receptors?

Nicotinic
GABA

13

What is the difference between reversible and irreversible antagonists

Reversible will unbind and an irreversible will not

14

What is an example of a reversible and irreversible antagonist?

Irreversible-
alpha- bungarotoxin
Reversible-
delta- tubocurarine

15

Outline the structure of a nicotinic receptor

5 subunits, 2 alpha, beta and gamma, 1 either delta or epsalon
Each subunit has 4 transmembrane domains

16

What is the difference between an inverse agonist and antagonist?

Inverse agonist does the opposite to the agonist
Agonist- opens receptor
Antagonist- stops agonist
Inverse agonist- closes receptor no matter what

17

What is an allosteric modulator?

Modulators that bind to a GABA receptor but act in different site to agonist

18

How do intracellular receptors work?

Hormones cross plasma membrane to bind to cytoplasmic receptors, changes shape and removes inhibitor, hormone receptor complex binds to DNA and affects transcription effecting change in gene expression

19

What are the different parts to an intracellular receptor?

Ligand binding domain, DNA binding domain, transcription activating domain