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Van's Greek Grammar > Pharr's Homeric Greek > Flashcards

Flashcards in Pharr's Homeric Greek Deck (500)
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1

Five main Greek dialects

Homeric, Aeolic, Ionic, Doric, Attic

2

The composition of the Homeric Dialect

Aeolic plus Ionic with the bulk of the forms being Ionic

3

ε +ο και ε+ου = _ in Attic and Homeric respectively

ου in Attic and ευ in Homeric

4

The digamma made what sound and what is its other name?

a "w" sound. and vau

5

Homeric double σ's become _ in Attic?

ττ like θάλασσα και πρήσσω become θαλαττα και πραττω. but two sigmas brought together by inflection in Homeric drop down to one sigma in Attic

6

Homeric ρς becomes _ in Attic

ρρ

7

pronouncing gamma nasals
γγ
γκ
γξ
γχ

ng
nk like ink
nx
nkh like pink

8

pronounce αι

ai as in aisle

9

pronounce ου and ωυ

oo as in moose

10

pronounce ευ and ηυ

e-oo pronounced together quickly

11

pronounce αυ

ow as in house

12

pronounce υι

ui as in suite

13

pronounce οι

oy as in boy

14

pronounce ει

ay as in hay

15

when do you see a diaeresis?

over the second vowel of a diphthong signifying that the two vowels are to be pronounced separately like in προιϊάπτω = pro-i-ap-to

16

when a diphthong ending in υ is followed by a vowel pronounce a _ between them

w like ευορκος = eu-wor-kos

17

when a diphthong ending in ι is followed by a vowel pronounce a _ between them

y like αιολος = ai - yo - los

18

letters 21-24

φ, χ, ψ, ω

19

letters 17-20

ρ, σ, τ, υ

20

letters 9-16

ι, κ, λ, μ, ν, ξ, ο, π

21

sixth, seventh, and eighth letters

ζ, η, θ

22

first five letters

α, β, γ, δ, ε

23

the pitches of acute, grave, and circumflex accents:

acute: a higher or rising pitch (φίλη) grave: a lower or falling pitch. circumflex: a rising then falling pitch.

24

Greek has how many declensions?

3 with additional subgroups

25

a pattern of Greek suffixes

a declension

26

This declension, also called the alpha and eta stem declension, consists mostly of words of the feminine gender

the first declension

27

This declension, or omicron declension, consists mostly of masculine and neuter words

the second declension

28

This declension consists of nouns of all three genders. Many have stems that end in consonants.

the third declension

29

the purpose of numovables when found is what?

to make the words easier to pronounce

30

The Greek vowels are

α, ε, η, ο, ω (pure) and ι, υ, and the digamma (semi-vowels)