Flashcards in Pharr's Homeric Greek Deck (500)
Five main Greek dialects
Homeric, Aeolic, Ionic, Doric, Attic
The composition of the Homeric Dialect
Aeolic plus Ionic with the bulk of the forms being Ionic
ε +ο και ε+ου = _ in Attic and Homeric respectively
ου in Attic and ευ in Homeric
The digamma made what sound and what is its other name?
a "w" sound. and vau
Homeric double σ's become _ in Attic?
ττ like θάλασσα και πρήσσω become θαλαττα και πραττω. but two sigmas brought together by inflection in Homeric drop down to one sigma in Attic
Homeric ρς becomes _ in Attic
pronouncing gamma nasals
nk like ink
nkh like pink
ai as in aisle
pronounce ου and ωυ
oo as in moose
pronounce ευ and ηυ
e-oo pronounced together quickly
ow as in house
ui as in suite
oy as in boy
ay as in hay
when do you see a diaeresis?
over the second vowel of a diphthong signifying that the two vowels are to be pronounced separately like in προιϊάπτω = pro-i-ap-to
when a diphthong ending in υ is followed by a vowel pronounce a _ between them
w like ευορκος = eu-wor-kos
when a diphthong ending in ι is followed by a vowel pronounce a _ between them
y like αιολος = ai - yo - los
φ, χ, ψ, ω
ρ, σ, τ, υ
ι, κ, λ, μ, ν, ξ, ο, π
sixth, seventh, and eighth letters
ζ, η, θ
first five letters
α, β, γ, δ, ε
the pitches of acute, grave, and circumflex accents:
acute: a higher or rising pitch (φίλη) grave: a lower or falling pitch. circumflex: a rising then falling pitch.
Greek has how many declensions?
3 with additional subgroups
a pattern of Greek suffixes
This declension, also called the alpha and eta stem declension, consists mostly of words of the feminine gender
the first declension
This declension, or omicron declension, consists mostly of masculine and neuter words
the second declension
This declension consists of nouns of all three genders. Many have stems that end in consonants.
the third declension
the purpose of numovables when found is what?
to make the words easier to pronounce