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Gross II > Pharynx > Flashcards

Flashcards in Pharynx Deck (33):
1

What separates the pharynx from the cervical spine

fascial plane

2

What type of tissue is the pharynx

musculo-membranous tissue

3

What are the muscles of the pharynx

Superior Constrictor
Middle Constrictor
Inferior Constrictor
Stylopharyngeous
Palatopharyngeus
Salpingopharyngeus

4

What is the origin of the superior constrictor

medial pterygoid plate, mandible, hamulus,

5

What is the action of the superior constrictor muscle

elevate and constrict pharynx

6

What is the origin of the middle constrictor

hyoid cornua and stylohyoid ligament

7

What is the action of the middle constrictor

constrict pharynx

8

What is the origin of the inferior constrictor

thryroid and cricoid cartilages

9

What is the action of the inferior constrictor

constrict the pharynx

10

What is the innervation for the superior, middle,and inferior constrictors, as well as palatopharyngeal, and salpingopharyngeal mm

CN10-- pharyngeal branch

11

What is insertion of the superior, middle, inferior constrictor muscles

median raphe

12

What is the origin of the stylopharyngeus

styloid process of temporal bone

13

What is the action of the stylopharyngeus

elevates pharynx

14

What is the insertion of the stylopharyngeus

blends with pharyngeal tissues

15

What is the innervation of the stylopharyngeus (important)

CN9--pharyngeal branch

16

What is the origin of the palatopharygeus

soft and hard palate

17

What is the action of the palatopharyngeus

elevates the pharynx

18

What is the origin of the salpingopharyngeus

auditory tube opening

19

What is the action of the salpingopharyngeus

elevates the pharynx

20

What are the 3 divisions of the pharynx

nasopharynx
oral pharynx
laryngopharynx

21

What is located on the lateral wall of the nasopharynx

Ostium--opening of the Eustachian tube

22

What is the Torus Tubarius

raised prominence at superior border guarding the Ostim-- created by underlying cartilage

23

What is the salpingopharyngeal fold

ridge of mucous membrane overlying the salpingopharyngeus

24

What is the pharyngeal recess

recess posterior to the torus and the salpingopharyngeal fold

25

What is located in the pharyngeal recess

pharyngeal tonsils

26

How does the oral pharynx communicate with the oral cavity

The Fauces

27

What structures guard the lateral wall of the oral pharynx

palatoglossal folds
palatopharyngeal folds

28

What lymphoid structure is found in the oral pharynx

The palatine tonsils

29

Where is the laryngopharynx found

posterior and lateral to the larynx

30

Where does the laryngopharynx extend to

hyoid to inferior border of cricoid cartilage

31

What does the laryngopharynx comminicate inferiorly with

esophagus

32

What structure does the laryngopharynx communicate with the larynx through

The aditus of the larynx

33

What laryngopharyngeal structure is found lateral to the larynx

piriform recess of the laryngopharynx