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Flashcards in Picornaviridae Deck (43)
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0

What are the characteristics of the Picornaviridae virus?

Small(pico=small), sperical, naked, +RNA virus

1

Picornaviridae are primarily where?

Respiratary and gastrointestinal (enteroviruses) viruses

2

What are the 2 classes of Piconaviridae virus?

Enterovirus and respiratory virus

3

What are the 3 types of enteroviruses?

1-Poliomyelitis
2-Coxsackie virus
3-Echovirus

4

What are the 2 types of respiratory viruses?

1-Rhinovirus
2-Coronavirus

5

How are enteroviruses transmitted?

via the fecal-oral route

6

When the enteroviruses are ingested what do they infect?

the oro-pharyngeal mucosa and lymphoid tissue

7

How do most patients react once infected with the enterovirus?

they remain asymptomatic

8

What is the asymptomatic pattern of Poliomyelitis?

Most common, up to 90% of infections. Occurs when the replication of the virus is restricted to the GI tract

9

What is there to know about Abortive poliomyelitis?

Occurs in about 5% of infected individuals
First symptomatic result or polio infection is fever and occurs in the first weeks of infection
Patient may exhibit a general malaise which may be accompanied by vomiting, a headache and a sore through

10

What is there to know about Non-paralytic poliomyelitis?(aseptic meninges)

Patient experiences stiff neck and vomiting, virus has now progressed to the brain and infected the meninges. Spontaneous recovery

11

What is there to know about Paralytic poliomyelitis?

About 4 days after the end of the first minor symptoms, the virus spreads from the blood to the anterior horn cells of the spinal cord and the the motor cortex of the brain. The degree of paralysis depends on which neurons are affected and the amount of damage

12

What is there to know about postpolio syndrome?

This afflicts victims of an earlier poliovirus infection but the virus is no longer present, involves firther loss of function in affected muscle

13

What is the name of the vaccine for polio?

Salk Vaccine

14

What is the Salk vaccine?

Formalin-killed preparation of normal wild type polio virus

15

How does the Salk vaccine work?

Elicits good humoral (IgG) immunity and prevents transport of the virus to the neurons where it would otherwise cause paralytic polio

16

What is the name of the other vaccine for Polio?

Sabin Vaccine

17

What type of vaccine is the Sabin vaccine?

Live viral vaccine

18

How is the Sabin vaccine given and how does it work?

It is given orally. Grows in the human gut where the wild type virus grows. It can't migrate to the neurons through. Replicates a normal infection since the virus actually grows in the vaccinee and it elicits both a humoral and cell-mediated immunity

19

Picornavirus, enterovirus, what is the second type after Poliomyelitis?

Coxsackie virus

20

What is caused by the Coxsackie virus and what are the types?

There are many infections caused y Coxsackie viruses, most of which are never diagnosed precisely. 2 types are Type A and Type B

21

What is Coxsackie virus type A usually associated with?

rashes

22

What can coxsackie virus type A cause?

Herpangina
Hand, foot, and mouth disease
Hemorrhagic conjunctivitis
Aseptic meningitis-enteroviruses are the major cause of viral meningitis

23

What can Coxsackie virus type B cause?

Localized internal lesions
also can cause meningitis, rashes and fever like type A
Pluerodynia-the devils grip
Myocarditis and pericarditis

24

How is coxsackie virus transmitted?

Fecal oral route similar to polio virus transmission

25

Picornavirus, enterovirus type 3 is?

Echovirus

26

What is echovirus?

enteric cytopathic human orphan virus

27

What diseases does echovirus cause?

Asceptic meningitis, respiratory infection, gastroenteritis, skin rashes, and fever

28

The second type of picornavirus is? After enterovirus...

Respiratory viruses

29

What are the 2 types of respiratory viruses?

1)Rhinovirus
2)Coronavirus