Pneumonia Flashcards Preview

AY Respiratory > Pneumonia > Flashcards

Flashcards in Pneumonia Deck (28):
1

Pneumonia with sheep/cow exposure

Coxiella burnetti

2

Most common causes of hospital acquired pneumonia

Gram negative enterobacteria or staph aureus
Also pseudomonas, klebsiella, bacteroides and clostridium

3

Patients likely to get aspiration pneumonias

Alcoholics
Oesophageal disease
Stroke, myasthenia

4

What is the CURB65 score and what is it used for?

Assess severity of pneumonia

C - confusion
U - urea > 7
R - resp rate > 30
B - blood pressure

5

Management if CURB65 score is 1

Management at home

6

Management if CURB65 score is 2

Hospital therapy

7

Management if CURB65 score is >_ 3

Severe pneumonia 15-40% mortality
Cknsider ITU

8

Complications of pneumonia

Pleural effusion
Empyema
Lung abscess
Respiratory failure
Septicaemia
Brain abscess
Pericarditis
Myocarditis
Cholestatic jaundice

9

Pneumonia after holiday abroad

Fluroquinolone (Ciprofloxacin) combined with clarythromycin or rifampricin (if severe)

10

Test for legionella pneumophilia

URINE ANTIGEN TEST

11

Treatment for chlamyophilia species

Tetracycline

12

Treatment for pneumocystis jiroveci

High dose co-trimoxazole

13

Pneumonia common in HIV patients

Pneumocystis

14

Pneumonia in CF and bronchiectasis patients

Pseudomonas

15

Treatment for pseudomonas

Ceftazidime/ciprofloxacin + aminoglycide

16

Treatment of Klebsiella

Cefotaxime

17

Colour of sputum chylamdia pstacci

Mucous sputum

18

Colour of sputum klebsiella

Red jelly sputum

19

Colour of sputum pneumococcus

Rusty

20

Pneumonia that occurs every 4 years

Mycoplasma

21

Pneumonia if patient has pet bird

Chylamdia pstacci

22

Treatment for staph aureus

Flucloxacillin

23

Treatment of mycoplasma pneumonia

Clarithromycin/ciprofloxacin

24

Treatment of legionella pneumonia

Levofloxacin/moxifloxacin/ consider rifampricin

25

Treatment of chylamdia pstacci

Doxycycline/clarithromycin

26

Treatment of pneumocystis

Co-trimoxazole

27

Treatment of fungal pneumonia

Amphoterecin

28

Treatment of MRSA

Vancomycin