PNF strech/breathing d/o Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in PNF strech/breathing d/o Deck (13)
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1

two types of pnf stretches, that have a combo of alternating isotonic or metric contract/relax (10s push, 10s relax)

CR (contract/relax)
HR (hold/relax)

2

pnf stretch:
-musc is passively pushed to resistance point
-pt then contracts against isotonic resist by doc
-pt then relax and doc stretches further

contract relax (rep 3x)

3

-isometric contraction against resist. of musc being stretched
-pt then contrx the agonist of musc being stretched while doc applies light pressure to get max stretch

hold relax

4

PNF stretches for the neck

semispinalis
upper traps
levator (supine)
scalene (supine - TOS, AHC)

5

LB/pelvis PNFs

hams (chronic PI il, tightness)
hip adductors
iliopsoas (AS il/sacr, tight quad)
rectus femoris
TFL
piriformis
quads
erector spinae

6

breathing pattern d/o are influenced by biomechanical issues such as (2)

ribhead fixation
UC/LCS musc imbalance

7

breathing pattern d/o are influenced by biochemical issues such as (5)

body pH
allergy
diet
hormones
kidney probs

8

breathing pattern d/o are influenced by psychosocial issues such as (4)

chronic anxiety
anger
depression
stress

9

check the respiratory mechanism in a pt who has (3)

chronic cervical symptoms
stress related conditions
delayed response to preveious tx

10

three steps in breathing mech monitoring

assess resp
ID faulty breath patterns
correct/monitor

11

there are __ resp muscles and almost all have postural fxn
-eg, fault: chest breathing, subst of scalenes/upper trap for inhib diaphragm - ribs rise up vert rather than abd.

20+

12

raising of ribcare (INSP)
chest > abd movement
no lat excursion of ribs
abdom IN w/ INHALATION + OUT w/ EXHALATION (paradoxical)
inabil to maintain abd
--are all types of:

primary respiration faults

13

four steps to assess and fix faulty breathing

first rib adjust
anterior thoracic
ribhead fixation (costovert/costostern)
diaphragm