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Flashcards in Pol Patrol and Opn Deck (101)
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1

- from french ____ - to paddle, paw about, patrol.
- keep watch over an area by regularly walking or traveling around or through it.
- a person or group of people sent to keep watch over an area.

Patrol
patrouiller

2

- are uniformed officers assigned to monitor specific geographical areas, that is to move through their areas at regular intervals looking out for any signs of problems of any kind.

Patrol officers

3

History of Patrol

1. Ancient China
2. Ancient Greece
3. Roman empire
4. Medieval England
5. Spain
6. France
7. Britain and Ireland
8. In the US

4

-law enforcement was carried out by prefect. Prefects were government officials appointed by local magistrates who reported to higher authorities such as the governors who in turn were appointed by head of state usually the emperor of the dynasty.

1. Ancient China

5

- publicly owned slaves were used by magistrates as police.In Athens, a group of 300 Scythian slaves (rod-bearers) was used to guard public meetings to keep order and for crowd control and also assisted with dealing with criminal, handling prisoners and making arrests.

2. Ancient Greece

6

- the army rather than a dedicated police organization provided security. Local watchmen were hired by cities to provide some extra security.Magistrates such as procurators, fiscals and quaestros investigated crime. Under the reign of Augustus, 14 wards were created, the wards were protected by seven squads of 1000 men called vigiles who acted as firemen and night watchmen. Their duties included apprehending thieves and robbers and capturing run away slaves. The vigiles were supported by the urban cohorts who acted as a heavy duty riot force and praetorian guard if necessary.

3. Roman empire

7

- bodyguards used by roman emperors.

praetorian guard

8

- were created by Augustus to counter balance the enormous power of the praetorian guard in the city of Rome and serve as the police force.

urban cohorts

9

- (watchmen of the city) - were the firefighters and police of ancient Rome

vigiles

10

- a subdivision of a municipality.

ward

11

- the Anglo-Saxon system of maintaining public order since the Norman conquest was a private system of tithing, led by a constable to enforce the law.

4. Medieval England

12

- was a grouping of 10 households.

tithing

13

- is a person holding a particular office most commonly in law enforcement. The office of ___ can vary significantly in different jurisdiction.

constable

14

- modern police in Europe has a precedent in the _____ or (brotherhood) - peace keeping association of individuals, a characteristic of municipal life in medieval Spain. The first recorded case of the formation of the hermandad occurred when the towns and the peasantry of the north united to police the pilgrim road to Santiago de compostela in galicia and protect the pilgrims against robber knights.

5. Spain
Hermandus

15

- The first police force in the modern sense was created by the government of king Louis XIV in 1667 to police the city of Paris, then the largest city in Europe.

6. France

16

- in England, a system of sheriffs, reeves and investigative juries to provide basic security and law enforcement.

7. Britain and Ireland

17

- is a contraction of the term "shire-reeve" - designated a royal official responsible for keeping the peace through out a shire or county on behalf of the king.

Sheriff

18

- a senior official with local responsibilities under the crown. ex., chief magistrate of a town or district.

Reeve

19

- traditional term for a division of land in the UK and Australia.

Shire

20

- is a sworn body of people convened to render impartial verdict officially submitted to them by a court or to set a penalty or judgement.

Jury

21

- a private individual hired to capture criminal.

Thief taker

22

- London's first professional police force.

Bow street runners

23

- a magistrate educated at Elton college who founded the Bow street runners originally numbered just six.

Henry Fielding

24

- in 1285, obliged the authorities of every town to keep a watch at the city gates and arrest all suspicious night walkers.

Statute of Winchester

25

- prime minister of England from Dec. 1834 to April 1835 and again From Aug.1841 to June 1846. While home secretary, help create the modern concept of the police force leading to officers being known as bobbies in England and peelers in Ireland.

Sir Robert Peel

26

- (1745 - 1820) - a Scottish merchant and a magistrate who founded the first regular preventive police force in England, the Thames river police.

Patrick Colquhoun

27

- the first city police services were established in Philadelphia in 1751, Boston 1838 and new york 1845.

In the US

28

- first police chief of Berkeley California. He is sometimes called the father of modern law enforcement in the US.

August Vollmer

29

1. He was the first chief to require that police officers attain college degrees.
2. First police chief to create a motorized force placing officers on motorcycles and cars so that they could patrol broader areas with greater efficiency.
3. He was also the first to use the lie detector in police work.

August Vollmer

30

- studied under August Vollmer. Became Chief of Police of the Fullerton police department. He alsonbecame chief of police of the Wichita police department. He introduced the following reforms and innovations:

O.W. Wilson