Poultry and Swine Flashcards Preview

Animal Science 101 > Poultry and Swine > Flashcards

Flashcards in Poultry and Swine Deck (48)
Loading flashcards...
1

Economic Impact of Beef

42%

2

Economic Impact of Poultry

23.5%

3

Economic Impact of Milk (Dairy)

19.5%

4

Economic Impact of Swine

12%

5

Top Five States for Agriculture

1. California
2. Iowa
3. Texas
4. Nebraska
5. Minnesota

6

Trends in Livestock Production

Changes in production units (number, size, specialization)
Geographic changes
Genetic base
Integration

7

Number one country for poultry

China

8

United States Poultry from a global perspective

most production in lbs of meat
most exports
highest per capita consumption

9

What is the fastest growing source of meat globally for people

Poultry

10

Breakdown of Poultry Products

Broilers (69%)
Eggs (19%)
Turkeys (11%)

11

Region of Highest Broiler Production

Southeast (60% of US production)

12

This agricultural production model was born in the poultry industry when profit margins were outweighing income.

Integration

13

Advantages of Vertical Integration

Value Added Products (new product development opportunities)

14

Challenges of Vertical Integration

Capital and Risk ($$$ tied up in facilities and livestock)
Product control and consistency (environment and genetic pools)
Management

15

Integration among species

Poultry>Swine>Beef

16

Broiler Production Factors of Importance

Weight Gain
Feed Conversion
Carcass Conformation
Breast Meat Yield
Chick Viability
Disease Resistance (we want to use genetics over antibiotics)

17

Broiler Market Weight and Days of Growth

6 lbs in 45 days

18

Broiler Feed Efficiency has ___________ since 1940

doubled

19

Region of Highest Egg Production

Midwest into Northeast (Iowa, Ohio, Indiana, Pennsylvania)

20

Egg Production Annually

260-280 eggs/hen/year

21

Hens start laying eggs at what age

19 weeks

22

Egg Production Factors of Importance

Egg Production
Egg Weight
Feed Conversion
Shell Strength
Egg Quality
Disease Resistance

23

Most Common Egg-Laying Breeds

White Leghorn or White Leghorn Crosses

24

Molting

natural loss of feathers when egg production ceases; allows hens to rest and rejuvenate ovarian function

25

Light's effect on egg-laying

stimulates production

26

Current Poultry Issues

Spacing (California housing requirements)

27

Top country in Swine Production

China

28

Swine Diet

Corn and Soybean meal

29

Region of Highest Swine Production

Midwest AND North Carolina

30

Swine industry changes in recent years

Feed costs
Transportation
Vertical Integration