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Applied Anatomy I > Practical I > Flashcards

Flashcards in Practical I Deck (25):
1

MMT supraspinatus

Start: Sitting, neck extended, bend same side, rotate opposite side
Test: shoulder abducted to 90, elbow bent at 90, slight ER & flexion
Pressure: pushing against abduction and ER

2

Normal Muscle Length for pec major

arms drop to table level, back remains flat

3

MMT upper traps

Start: sitting
Test: lift shoulder, side bend same side, rotate opposite
Pressure: one hand shoulder depression, other hand posterior head

4

MMT anterior deltoid

Start: seated
Test: shoulder abduction, slight flexion, slight ER
Pressure: (in front of patient) anteriormedial surface in direction of adduction & extension
*Stabilize same shoulder*

5

Normal Muscle Length for pec minor

shoulders lay flat on table (examiner at head of table)

6

MLT (Motion) pec minor

arms at sides, elbows extended, palms upwards

7

MMT cervical flexors

Start: supine
Test: flex cervical spine, chin depressed
Pressure: against forehead

8

MLT (Motion) upper trapezius

flex head, side bend opposite side, rotate same side

9

MLT (Motion) per major (upper)

full horizontal abduction, elbow extended, shoulder ER

10

Normal Muscle Length for lats

can bring arms down to table level; keeping them close to head

11

MLT position for pec major, pec minor, and lats

supine, knees bent, low back flat on table

12

MLT (Motion) levator scapulae

flex head, side bend opposite side, rotate opposite side

13

MMT subscapularis

Start: prone
Test: hand on back, resting on posterior iliac crest
Pressure: against the arm above elbow, direction of abduction & flexion

14

MMT lower traps

Start: prone
Test: arm abducted to 135 with thumb up
Pressure: downward force against forearm

15

MMT teres minor

Start: supine
Test: elbow flexed at 90, arm slightly abducted from side
Pressure: towards IR

16

what direction do you apply pressure for MMTs

opposite the direction of action

17

MMT pec major (lower fibers)

Start: supine
Test: stabalize opposite iliac crest; shoulder flexed (<90), slight IR, horizontal adduction towards opposite iliac crest with elbow extended
Pressure: against forearm, pulling towards horizontal abduction (cranially)

18

MMT posterior deltoid

Start: seated
Test: shoulder abduction, slight extension, slight IR
Pressure: (in back of patient) posteriormedial surface in direction of adduction & flexion
*Stabilize same shoulder*

19

MMT cervical extensors

Start: prone
Test: extend neck
Pressure: back of head inferior direction (*place other hand on forehead in case pt. loses control)

20

MLT (Motion) pec major (lower)

arm abducted to 135 degrees, elbow extended, shoulder ER

21

MLT (Motion) anterior & middle scalene

extend head, side bend opposite side, rotate same side

22

MMT pec major (upper fibers)

Start: supine
Test: stabalize opposite shoulder; shoulder flexed to 90, slight IR, horizontal adduction with elbow extended
Pressure: against forearm, pulling towards horizontal abduction

23

MLT (Motion) lats

flex arms overhead and bring down towards table

24

MMT infraspinatus

Start: prone
Test: shoulder abducted to 90, elbow flexed to 90, support arm under humerus (distal end)
Pressure: towards IR

25

MMT middle traps

Start: prone
Test: shoulder abducted at 90 with thumb up
Pressure: downward force against forearm