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Flashcards in Pre PCR specimen processing/extraction Deck (7)
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Describe the specimen types acceptable for various tests in a molecular pathology laboratory.

Endocervical swabs (females), urethral swabs (M), nasal swabs (MRSA), EDTA, EDTA with gel separator (pear top tubes), spinal fluids and lesion swaps (herpes), formalin fixed paraffin embedded tissue (for cancer markers)


List the components in the master mix solution used for PCR

DNA polymerase- enzyme needed to replicate the target sequence
primers to initiate replication
buffers to maintain pH
Deoxyribonucleotide and probes


Explain why using an internal control is mandatory for each molecular test performed.

The internal control is a oligonucleotide sequence that is different from that of the target but binds the same primers. it's product is detected using a different probe to detect the target sequence. if the internal control is not amplified= invalid test. causes include the presence of a PCR inhibitor, denaturation of the polymerase, hybridization failure, or errors in the detection system.


Identify the specific drug that inhibits PCR



summarize common practices in the molecular laboratory to prevent contamination

-aerosol barrier pipette tips, preparation of reagents in a dead air box or biological cabinet, separate area for performing, 10% bleach with 95% alcohol destroy amplicons, different lab coat, gloves/washing hands, DNA AWAY


discuss the importance of specialized pipette tips used in the molecular laboratory

-cotton plugged tips- prevents aerosol contamination of samples
-tall tips- prevents contamination from pipette holder
-DNAse and RNAse free plastic pipettes


explain the guidelines for storing and shipping specimens for the molecular laboratory

-most specimens (swabs and spinal fluids) at 4C
-Plasma sample at -80C
-Thin prep vials at RT
-transported on dry ice then placed in a refrigerator before testing