Flashcards in Pressure group Roles & Group Classification Deck (45)
What are pressure groups?
pressure groups are like minded individuals who campaign for their collective interests and/or in pursuit of a common cause
Why are pressure groups significantly more numerous than political parties ?
because they have a tendency to fragment opinion whereas political parties tend to aggregate and accommodate a wider range of views in effort to be elected
In recent years, what pressure groups have become more popular over the larger more traditional sectional and cause groups ?
smaller, more focused single-issue groups
Who do single-issue groups look to represent?
the interests of a very small group of individuals
What is an example of a single issue cause which is focused on the limited breadth and time?
single issue groups focused on the efforts prevent specific construction projects such as a road or runway
What do some people describe the rise of single issue politics as?
as a fundamental change in the nature of political participation within the UK
What are the 3 roles of a pressure group ?
How do pressure groups perform the role of participation?
pressure groups provide people with an avenue for non-electoral participation between elections.
They encourage and enable citizens to get involved in the political process
How do pressure groups perform the role of representation
pressure groups represent their members' sectional interests or advance a common cause , by aggregating and articulating the common interests/concerns of a given groups of individuals
How do pressure groups perform the role of education?
pressure groups act as a source of specialist knowledge. They help governments weigh up the merits and demerits of proposed policies.
Their activities serve to educate the broader public, raising awareness of their chosen cause or interest.
Why is the role of education by pressure groups na advantage for the government ?
They help governments weigh up the merits and demerits of proposed policies, thereby avoiding costly mistakes and unnecessary confrontation.
What are sectional groups?
These groups seek to protect the interests of a particular section of society, can be refereed to as 'interest' or 'protectionist' groups
Describe the membership of sectional groups?
membership is normally exclusive, restricted to the section of society whose interests they serve
Give an example of a teachers union?
Who do the teachers union NASUWT represent as a sectional group ?
will represent the interests of its members who will be practising teachers
What are cause groups?
These groups seek to promote a particular cause, also known as 'promotional' groups
Describe the membership of cause groups
they seek a broader membership than sectional groups and do not necessary stand to benefit directly from their campaigns
What are the 3 sub categories of Cause groups?
-Attitude cause groups
-Political cause groups
-sectional cause groups
What are the aims of attitude cause groups?
their aim is to change peoples attitudes on a particular issue
What is an example of an attitude cause group?
Greenpeace who seek to change attitudes on the environment
What are the aims of political cause groups?
their aim is to achieve certain political goals
What is an example of a political cause group ?
What are the aims of sectional cause groups?
their aim is to protect a section of society
What is an example of a sectional cause group?
the NSPCC who works on behalf of children but its members and supporters are not all children
What is a problem with classifying groups by aims?
this ignores the fact that many groups campaign for a cause as well as representing the interests of their members
How do teachers unions count as hybrids?
they would claim to be working for broader improvements in education policy as well as representing the sectional interests of their members
Who created the Protective/Sectional and Promotional/Cause group classifications ?
Who created the Insider and Outside group classification?
Wyn Grant 1980's
What are the 3 types of insider groups?