PRIMARY HEALTH CARE Flashcards Preview

SEMESTER 2 EXAMS > PRIMARY HEALTH CARE > Flashcards

Flashcards in PRIMARY HEALTH CARE Deck (44):
1

Health equity

The right to fair distribution of health services

2

Health inequality

To describe measurable differences in attaining health

3

Health inequity

The allocation of health resources to one geographic area or group

4

Health literacy

The capacity of a person to recognise and know how to find information about a health problem

5

Health care is predominantly...

Political in nature

6

Main aim of public health

To improve health by promoting health and preventing disease in populations

7

New public health

An approach to health which is most concerned with the social causes of disease, injustice and inequity

8

Social justice

An ethical concept based on human rights and fairness

9

The social gradient

Refers to the fact that inequalities in population health status are related to inequalities in social status

10

World health organisation was founded in?

1948

11

Health

A combination of physical, mental and social well-being, not confined to the absence of disease or illness

12

ANHP

Australias national health priorities

The conditions causing the highest burden within Australia

13

Lost the 9 Australian national health priorities

Mental health
Arthritis
Asthma
Diabetes
Dementia
Obesity
Cancer
Cardiovascular health
Injury prevention

14

The declaration of alma ata was when?

1978

15

The declaration of Alma ATA

First international conference on primary health care

SLOGAN: health for all by the year 2000

16

Health for all by the year 2000 strives to?

Address international health inequalities

17

The prerequisites of health

Peace
Shelter
Education
Food
Income
A stable ecosystem
Sustainable resources
Social justice and equity

18

Social Determinants of health

Where you live
Education
Transport
Food
Social support
Social exclusion
Early years of life
Employment
Income
Gender
Individual characteristics

19

Social determinants of health

The fundamental structure of social hierarchy and the social, economic and politically determined conditions that result in good health, ill health or disease, in which people grow, live and age

20

Behavioural approach to health

Focuses on risk factors and lifestyle behaviours

21

Risk factor

Variable that potentially increases an individuals vulnerability of developing a disease or health condition

22

Lifestyle

Way of living determined by interpolating factors

23

Upstream

Prevention

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Midstream

Intervention

25

Downstream

Treatment

26

Upstream=prevention=

Primary prevention

27

Midstream=intervention=

Secondary prevention

28

Downstream=treatment=

Tertiary prevention

29

Primary prevention

Focuses on preventative measures such as immunisations, health education and risk factor reduction

30

Secondary prevention

Focuses on screening for disease, detect disease early so treatment can begin

31

Tertiary prevention

Interventions taken to prevent progress and complication and recurrence- also rehab

32

Screening =

Secondary prevention

33

Screening

Refers to the use of simple tests to identify individuals who have the disease however, they do not have symptoms

34

Surveillance

The collection of data, analysis, interpretation and dissemination of health data to inform public health agencies and initiatives to monitor health, prioritise and develop appropriate preventative strategies

35

Behaviour change is needed to

Prevent both communicable and on-communicable disease

36

Communicable disease

Infectious diseases usually transmitted from one organism to another

37

4 models of health education

Traditional
Client centred
Empowerment
Behavioural change

38

3 pillars of sustainability

Environmental
Social equity
Economic demands

39

What is lobbying

A process of activities involved in advocating on behalf of a person or group. A lobbyist is paid by organisers to seek policy change

40

What are the 3 levels of govt.

Local, state, federal

Local: deals with environmental health

State: disease

Federal: Medicare

41

Examples of non communicable disease

Heart disease (fast food)
Skin cancer (sunbathing)
These are health behaviours

42

Public health

A social and political concept aimed at improving health, prolonging life and improving the quality of life among whole populations through health promotion, disease prevention and other forms of health interventions

43

Health promotion

The process of enabling people to take control over those factors that determine their health

44

Primary care

An episode of care for diagnosis treatment of illness or disease management