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Flashcards in Principles 14 Deck (44)
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1

Anchor bolts

Bolts that fasten the spill plate of a wood-frame house to the house’s foundation, required in California since 1931 for all new construction as an earthquake safety measure.

2

Asbestos

-Fibrous silicate linked with various forms of cancer when inhaled used until 1970s
-used for insulation

3

Backfill

Dirt placed against the foundation of a structure after the concrete used to create the foundation wall has cured and the wood forms in which the concrete was poured have been removed.

4

Bracing

Use of one or more construction methods, such as plywood wall sheating, to enable a structure to withstand the pressures caused by high winds and earth movement.

5

Brown fields

A site identified by the environmental protection agency as containing hazardous substances, pollutants, or contaminants

6

Building permit

Approval granted by the appropriate municipal, county, or other governing authority to begin construction of an improvement to real estate following review of the building plan submitted by the permit applicant and revision of the plan as required.

7

California department of insurance

California agency that regulates insurers

8

California department of public health

-California agency that regulates construction activities affecting the water supply and other public issues
-Formerly known as “California Department of Health Services “

9

California solar initiative

State law effective January 1, 2008, that requires municipal utilities to offer a solar incentive program to customers

10

Department of housing and community development

State agency that carries out California’s state housing law by adopting building standards and administrative regulations that ensure safe and durable housing while safeguarding affordability.

11

Downspout

Part of the rainwater drainage system that conducts water from a gutter that runs along a roof eave to ground level.

12

Eave

Portion of roof that extends over the exterior wall

13

Energy efficiency ratio (EER)

Measure of an electrical appliance’s energy consumption found by dividing its capacity measured in British thermal units (BTU) by the number of watts of electricity needed to run it.

14

Fire stops

Wood blocks placed at intervals between wall studs to slow spread of fire.

15

Flashing

Metal strips intended to prevent water entry at openings in a roof for chimneys, vents, dormers, and changes in roof line.

16

Frame

-support posts
-beams, and roof members, typically wood in residential construction

17

Girders

Beams that span foundation walls and footings to provide support for floor of structure

18

Gutter

Helps divert water out of the structure

19

Home energy rating program

Program of the California Energy Commission that certifies home energy rating services and is intended to provide reliable homes and to guide investment in cost-effective home energy efficiency measures.

20

Homeowner’s bill of rights of 2004

Law enacted after 2003 southern Cali wildfires to clarify rights of homeowners under homeowners insurance policies.

21

Insulation

-Use of wrapping and filing materials to reduce heat conductivity and improve energy efficiency of buildings and building components

22

Joists

Beams used to support flooring

23

Lath and plaster

Method of interior wall finishing used in older homes in which wet plaster is applied to a framework of wood slats, called laths, and wire

24

Manufactured Home

-A structure built on or after June 15, 1967
-transportable in one or more sections, designed and equipped to contain no more than two dwelling units and to comply with HUD building specifications.

25

Minimum property requirements (MPRs)

-Minimally acceptable property condition for FHA-insured or VA-guaranteed loans
-usually determined by compliance with loan building codes

26

Orientation

Placement of structure on a site, ideally to make maximum advantage of street frontage, view, and access to light and air.

27

Perc test

Test to determine drainage capability of soil.

28

Plasterboard

-Drywall
-interior wall finishing material

29

Platform frame

Construction technique in which each floor of building provides support for the floor above it.

30

Uniform codes

-Building codes that are developed by national or international groups and adopted by states and local jurisdictions