PSYCH Chapter 10: Sexuality and Gender Flashcards Preview

xxx Term 1: PSYCH 110 Introduction to Psychology > PSYCH Chapter 10: Sexuality and Gender > Flashcards

Flashcards in PSYCH Chapter 10: Sexuality and Gender Deck (44):
1

1. The sex structures that develop during puberty are categorized as:

a. Primary sex characteristics

b. Secondary sex characteristics

c. Either primary or secondary sex characteristics

d. Primary or secondary sex characteristics based on the culture

b. Secondary sex characteristics

Chapter 10: Practice Quiz, Page 395

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2. Which of the following is a secondary sex characteristic?

a. Uterus

b. Secondary sex characteristics

c. Enlarging breasts

d. Ovaries

c. Enlarging breasts

Chapter 10: Practice Quiz, Page 395

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3. People who are intersexual:

a. Commonly have both ovaries and testes

b. Are extremely rare – 1 in a million births

c. Have a mixture of male and female sexual characteristics

d. Are people who suffer from gender dysphoria but are physically normal

c. Have a mixture of male and female sexual characteristics

Chapter 10: Practice Quiz, Page 395

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4. The process by which people learn their culture’s preferences and expectations for male and female behavior is called:

a. Gender role

b. Gender identity

c. Gender typing

d. Gender stereotyping

c. Gender typing

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5. People whose sense of gender identity does not match their external appearance are known as:

a. Intersexed

b. Homosexual

c. Hermaphrodites

d. Transgendered

d. Transgendered

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6. In terms of the view of gender-role development in the US, most scientists agree that our culture is __________, especially where women are concerned:

a. Individualistic

b. Collectivistic

c. Traditional

d. Somewhere in the middle

d. Somewhere in the middle

Chapter 10: Practice Quiz, Page 395

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1. Alex sees his mother mixing ingredients for a cake. Later, Alex takes a bowl and spoon out of the cabinet and pretends to mix some imaginary ingredients. Of which theory of gender development would this be a good example?

a. Gender schema theory

b. Gender-role theory

c. Psychoanalytic theory

d. Social learning theory

d. Social learning theory

Chapter 10: Practice Quiz, Page 399

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2. Which theory of gender-role development places a heavy emphasis on the use of mental patterns?

a. Gender schema theory

b. Psychoanalytic theory

c. Social learning theory

d. Behavioral theory

a. Gender schema theory

Chapter 10: Practice Quiz, Page 399

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3. Karl is often perceived as strong and tough, but he also has been known to be sincere and loving. Karla is warm and kind but is also independent and assertive when necessary. Bem would classify such behavior as examples of:

a. Androgyny

b. Benevolent sexism

c. Schema error

d. Negative stereotyping

a. Androgyny

Chapter 10: Practice Quiz, Page 399

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4. Studies show that women tend to use a __________ style to their conversation while men use a __________ style.

a. Relate; report

b. Masculine; feminine

c. Report; relate

d. Androgynous; stereotypical

a. Relate; report

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11

1. Which of the following is the first phase of the human sexual response cycle?

a. Excitement

b. Plateau

c. Orgasm

d. Resolution

a. Excitement

Chapter 10: Practice Quiz, Page 402

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2. In which of the phases of sexual response do the testes pull up?

a. Excitement

b. Plateau

c. Orgasm

d. Resolution

a. Excitement

Chapter 10: Practice Quiz, Page 402

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3. Which phase of the sexual response is typically the shortest, lasting a few seconds to several minutes?

a. Excitement

b. Plateau

c. Orgasm

d. Resolution

c. Orgasm

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4. Which of the following phases does not occur in women?

a. Excitement

b. Plateau

c. Orgasm

d. Refractory period

d. Refractory period

Chapter 10: Practice Quiz, Page 402

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1. According to researcher Alfred Kinsey, sexual orientation is best described as:

a. Typically an “either/or” state where most people are found to be either heterosexual or homosexual

b. Typically on a “continuum” with some people falling at either extreme and some falling closer to the middle

c. Typically bisexual in nature though many were unaware of it

d. An unknown because people were busy exploring their sexuality

b. Typically on a “continuum” with some people falling at either extreme and some falling closer to the middle

Chapter 10: Practice Quiz, Page 409

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2. In Kinsey’s original data, approximately __________ of women reported being predominantly homosexual while as many as __________ of men reported the same.

a. 6 percent; 21 percent

b. 6 to 14 percent; 46 percent

c. 2 percent; 22 percent

d. 2-6 percent; 10 percent

d. 2-6 percent; 10 percent

Chapter 10: Practice Quiz, Page 409

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3. Which of the following was a criticism of Kinsey’s research?

a. The study was incomplete

b. The study asked poorly worded questions.

c. The study was rushed.

d. The study had a restricted sample

d. The study had a restricted sample

Chapter 10: Practice Quiz, Page 409

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4. Robert Trivers’s theory of parental investment states that a __________ desire to engage in sex at an early age results from __________.

a. Man’s; social pressure

b. Man’s; evolution

c. Woman’s; biological concerns

d. Woman’s’; psychological pressure

b. Man’s; evolution

Chapter 10: Practice Quiz, Page 409

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5. One study found that the major reason for decrease in sexual activity in later adulthood was primarily due to:

a. A loss of interest in sex

b. Fewer opportunities to find an available partner

c. A belief that sex and sexual fantasies in late adulthood was unhealthy

d. A desire to channel energy into other tasks

b. Fewer opportunities to find an available partner

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6. The Savic et al. 2005 study found that homosexual men responded to a pheromone in the same way as:

a. Heterosexual men

b. Transsexual men

c. Heterosexual women

d. Homosexual women

c. Heterosexual women

Chapter 10: Practice Quiz, Page 409

21

1. What is a major cause of organic sexual dysfunction?

a. Stress

b. Paraphilias

c. Heredity

d. Economic status

a. Stress

Chapter 10: Practice Quiz, Page 414

22

2. Surveys suggest that about __________ percent of women and __________ percent of men have at least one sexual dysfunction.

a. 10; 25

b. 40-45; 20-30

c. 80; 50

d. 10-20; 30-40

b. 40-45; 20-30

Chapter 10: Practice Quiz, Page 414

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3. The human papillomavirus or HPV is the cause of _____ in both men and women.

a. Chlamydia

b. Syphilis

c. Genital warts

d. AIDS

c. Genital warts

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4. Which of the following ways can the human immunodeficiency virus be passed along to another person?

a. Kissing

b. Exposure to an infected person’s tears

c. Exposure to an infected person’s saliva

d. Exposure to an infected person’s blood

d. Exposure to an infected person’s blood

Chapter 10: Practice Quiz, Page 414

25

1. Primary sex characteristics:

a. Include the development of pubic and ancillary hair

b. Always begin their development during puberty

c. Are typically the same for males and females

d. Are directly involved in human reproduction

d. Are directly involved in human reproduction

Chapter 10: Test Yourself Pages 416 - 417

26

2. What is the average age in the United States that menarche typically begins?

a. 10

b. 12

c. 13

d. 14

b. 12

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3. If the gonads within an embryo produce testosterone because of the presence of a Y gene on the sex chromosome, then the __________ will develop and the __________ will deteriorate.

a. Mullerian ducts; Wolffian ducts

b. Wolffian ducts; Mullerian ducts

c. Ovaries; testes

d. Testes; ovaries

b. Wolffian ducts; Mullerian ducts

Chapter 10: Test Yourself Pages 416 - 417

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4. An intersexed person is:

a. A person who has sex with both men and women

b. Another name for a homosexual

c. A person born with ambiguous sexual organs

d. Another name for a heterosexual

c. A person born with ambiguous sexual organs

Chapter 10: Test Yourself Pages 416 - 417

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5. Annika’s mother wants her daughter to grow up to become a mother of a large family. Such an expectation for Annika might be seen as an example of her:

a. Gender role

b. Gender typing

c. Gender identity

d. Gender constancy

a. Gender role

Chapter 10: Test Yourself Pages 416 - 417

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6. Darla shares with a close friend that she often feels a strong desire to be another gender and that it bothers her so much that she is having problems at work and in her social life. What is the term used to describe this?

a. A hermaphrodite

b. Transsexual

c. Intersexed

d. Gender dysphoria

d. Gender dysphoria

Chapter 10: Test Yourself Pages 416 - 417

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7. In social learning theory, gender identity results:

a. When a child learns that they are either a “girl” or “boy”

b. From observation and imitation

c. From biological changes that occurred before birth

d. From unconscious forces

b. From observation and imitation

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8. Jennifer’s aunt tries to explain that running around with boys on the playground isn’t “ladylike.” Such a statement could be an example of:

a. Androgyny

b. Gender typing

c. Role of development

d. Gender stereotyping

d. Gender stereotyping

Chapter 10: Test Yourself Pages 416 - 417

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9. Plateau occurs in:

a. Phase 1

b. Phase 2

c. Phase 3

d. Phase 4

b. Phase 2

Chapter 10: Test Yourself Pages 416 - 417

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10. The refractory period is a time during which:

a. A woman cannot have another orgasm

b. A man cannot have another orgasm

c. A man begins to get sexually aroused

d. A woman cannot be aroused

b. A man cannot have another orgasm

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11. Which of the following studies was the most controversial for its method of gathering information?

a. The Kinsey report

b. The Janus report

c. Masters and Johnson’s study

d. Savic’s research on sexual orientation

c. Masters and Johnson’s study

Chapter 10: Test Yourself Pages 416 - 417

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12. The Kinsey report indicates that more than __________ as many men had intercourse by age 16 than did women.

a. Twice

b. Four times

c. Ten times

d. Three times

d. Three times

Chapter 10: Test Yourself Pages 416 - 417

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13. Parental investment theory seeks to explain:

a. Why men have sex more often than women

b. Why women are sexually attracted to men

c. Why couples meet and remain together

d. Why sexual activity diminishes in seniors

a. Why men have sex more often than women

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14. Research on the epi-mark offers a __________ explanation to the existence of homosexuality.

a. Genetic

b. Psychological

c. Social

d. Behavioral

a. Genetic

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15. The idea that homosexuality evolved as a way to aid the continuation of the homosexual person’s genes through the nurturance of other family members, such as nieces and nephews, is called the __________ hypothesis.

a. Family support

b. Kin selection

c. Sexual support

d. Kin evolutionary

b. Kin selection

Chapter 10: Test Yourself Pages 416 - 417

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16. Sexual dysfunctions and problems can be caused by:

a. Organic factors

b. Organic and sociocultural factors

c. Organic, psychological, and sociocultural factors

d. Hereditary factors primarily

c. Organic, psychological, and sociocultural factors

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17. Which of the following sexually transmitted infections can ultimately affect the brain?

a. Genital herpes

b. Chlamydia

c. Syphilis

d. Gonorrhea

c. Syphilis

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18. Brandon has a couple of painful sores on his penis and experiences sever itching and burning in the surrounding area. Brandon probably has:

a. Genital herpes

b. Chlamydia

c. Syphilis

d. Gonorrhea

a. Genital herpes

Chapter 10: Test Yourself Pages 416 - 417

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19. Which of the following is a way in which HIV can be transmitted?

a. Through exposure to contaminated blood or other body fluids containing contaminated blood

b. By sharing beverages with someone who is HIV positive

c. By making contact with the tears of an HIV patient

d. Through hand holding, especially if the person with HIV is perspiring

a. Through exposure to contaminated blood or other body fluids containing contaminated blood

Chapter 10: Test Yourself Pages 416 - 417

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20. Alicia is horrified to hear that her date from last night carries the human immunodeficiency virus. While they did not engage in sex, they did share a quick kiss at the end of the evening, hastened by her phone ringing in her apartment. Besides discussing her concerns with her date should they go out again, what precautions should Alicia take?

a. She should see her doctor immediately, since kissing can cause the spread of HIV

b. She should see her doctor only if she begins to have symptoms

c. She should try to calm down, since stress helps transmit HIV.

d. She should try not to worry, since kissing has not been proven to be a successful way to transmit HIV, and follow-up with her doctor or other health-care provider if she has concerns or questions

d. She should try not to worry, since kissing has not been proven to be a successful way to transmit HIV, and follow-up with her doctor or other health-care provider if she has concerns or questions

Chapter 10: Test Yourself Pages 416 - 417