PSYCH Chapter 15: Psychological Therapies Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in PSYCH Chapter 15: Psychological Therapies Deck (38):
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1. One of the first therapists to begin a movement towards the humane treatment of patients was:

a. Robert Fleury

b. Philippe Pinel

c. Sigmund Freud

d. Josef Breuer

b. Philippe Pinel

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2. Psychotherapies that attempt to increase the understanding of a client's motives are known as __________ therapies.

a. insight

b. action

b. biomedical

c. psychoanalytic

a. insight
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3. Although the term may apply to many therapies, transference is typically associated with __________ therapies.

a. behavioral

b. humanistic

c. biomedical

d. psychodynamic

d. psychodynamic

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4. Motivational interviewing is an alternative therapy to what therapeutic approach?

a. psychodynamic therapy

b. Gestalt therapy

c. humanistic therapy

d. group therapy

c. humanistic therapy

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5. Dr. Ellington is directive in his approach with clients. He pays close attention to body language and often focuses on a client's denied past. What type of therapeutic approach is Dr. Ellington using?

a. humanistic approach

b. Gestalt approach

c. group approach

d. behavioral approach

b. Gestalt approach

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6. Which of the following cases would a humanistic approach probably be LEAST effective in treating?

a. Leilani, a university professor who has feelings of inadequacy.

b. Kayla, a professional musician who feels worthless and suffers from depression.

c. Miranda, a corporate executive who suffers from marked delusions and active auditory hallucinations.

d. Felicia, a homemaker who suffers from the traumatic memories of her abusive childhood.

c. Miranda, a corporate executive who suffers from marked delusions and active auditory hallucinations.

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1. Behavior-based therapies are __________ based while psychodynamic and humanistic therapies are __________ based.

a. insight; action

b. action; insight

c. rationale; medically

d. medically; action

b. action; insight

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2. Dr. Kali works with clients to help them learn deep relaxation. Next, he has them list their fears from least to most anxiety provoking. Finally, Dr. Kali slowly exposes his clients to each of their fears and assists them in gaining control of their anxiety. His approach is best known as:

a. aversion therapy

b. systemic desensitization

c. flooding

d. fear therapy

b. systemic desensitization

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3. Dr, Willaims uses exposure-based therapies to treat many of her patients. Client A is actually confronted with the situation that causes her anxiety while Client B is asked to think about and visualize the frightening situation. Client A's treatment method would be described as __________, while Client B's treatment method is __________.

a. virtual; in vivo

b. imaginal; virtual

c. in vivo; imaginal

d. virtual; in vivo

c. in vivo; imaginal

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4. Which of the following therapies has been successful across multiple settings in the establishment of desirable behaviors and modification of problem behaviors?

a. token economies

b. aversion therapy

c. systematic desensitization

d. flooding

a. token economies

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5. Nicole's therapist tells her that she is applying arbitrary inference to her thinking, which ultimately is causing her to be depressed. Which of the following is an example of Nicole's arbitrary inference?

a. Nicole maximizes the bad things she experiences while minimizing the good aspects of life.

b. Nicole tends to jump to conclusions with little or no evidence to support her beliefs.

c. Nicole focuses strictly on a single negative event while ignoring less negative aspects.

d. Nicole tends to overgeneralize a single bad event and assumes all things about her life are failing.

b. Nicole tends to jump to conclusions with little or no evidence to support her beliefs.

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6. Which of the following may be an effective option for some concerns if there isn't a therapist available in your local community?

a. family therapy

b. group therapy

c. self-help therapy

d. psychodynamic therapy

c. self-help therapy

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1. Dr. Cavendish is trying to establish what is known as a therapeutic alliance with her clients. What specifically should she do to accomplish this goal?

a. She should work to better understand the disorder that she is treating.

b. She should be more confrontational in her approach so as to make clients aware of their difficulties.

c. She should be more empathetic and caring when working with her clients.

d. She should openly consult with others on all cases to ensure quality therapeutic treatment.

c. She should be more empathetic and caring when working with her clients.

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2. Research shows that African American clients prefer a therapist __________ while Asian men prefer a __________ therapist.

a. of the opposite sex; male

b. of the same sex; female

c. of the same culture; Hispanic

d. who is female; White

a. of the opposite sex; male

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3. What do studies show about the overall effectiveness of cybertherapy?

a. It is a fad, and studies indicate that sybertherapy is relatively ineffective.

b. Cybertherapy can be effective for people who otherwise might be unable to get a therapist.

c. Studies indicate that many clients who use chat rooms as part of their cybertherapy often stop showing up after 1 - 2 sessions.

d. There currently are not enough studies to incate whether cybertherapy is or is not effective.

b. Cybertherapy can be effective for people who otherwise might be unable to get a therapist.

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4. Why are antidepressants taking the place of many antianxiety drugs in the treatment of anxiety disorders?

a. Antidepressants are more cost effective.

b. Antianxiety drugs may be addictive and have more side effects.

c. Antianxiety drugs are becoming less effective.

d. Antianxiety drugs are actually no longer available.

b. Antianxiety drugs may be addictive and have more side effects.

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5. Today's electroconvulsive shock therapy is often quite useful in the treatment of:

a. dissociative identity disorder

b. schizophrenia

c. mild anxiety

d. severe depression

d. severe depression

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6. A new therapeutic technique know as deep brain stimulation (DBS) is showing promise in the treatment of:

a. anorexia nervosa where other treatments have failed

b. phobias

c. personality disorders

d. mania

a. anorexia nervosa where other treatments have failed

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1. Clara is going to a therapist to gain a better understanding of why she has self-destructive relationships with all her friends. This type of therapy is known as __________ therapy.

a. insight

b. action

c. behavioral

d. biomedical

a. insight

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2. The hidden meaning of a dream is the __________ content, according to Freud.

a. repressed

b. latent

c. manifest

d. sexual

b. latent

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3. Though the use of __________. a person-centered therapist conveys they are trying to understand the experience of the person they are working with.

a. reflection

b. unconditional positive regard

c. empathy

d. authenticity

a. reflection

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4. What differentiates motivational interviewing from person-centered therapy?

a. Motivational interviewing has specific goals of reducing ambivalence about change and increasing intrinsic motivation to bring changes about while traditional person-centered therapy does not.

b. Motivational interviewing focuses on unconscious motives while traditional person-centered therapy focuses on the self.

c. Motivational interviewing allows the client to talk about anything they wish while traditional person-centered therapy is more direct.

d. Motivational interviewing is a behavioral therapeutic technique while person-centered therapy is a biomedical therapy.

a. Motivational interviewing has specific goals of reducing ambivalence about change and increasing intrinsic motivation to bring changes about while traditional person-centered therapy does not.

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5. Which of the following clients would probably get the least benefits from a humanistic therapy?

a. Colin, who is bright by confused about self-image.

b. Cole, who is very talkative and open in discussing feelings.

c. Colleen, who enjoys exploring the inner workings of the mind.

d. Cody, who has a hard time putting thoughts and feelings into words in a logical manner.

d. Cody, who has a hard time putting thoughts and feelings into words in a logical manner.

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6. To overcome her fear of balloons, because of the loud sound they might suddenly make should they pop, Bella must sit in a room filled with balloons while the therapist continuously pops each one. After a while, Bella realizes that her fear is unjustified and even begins to pop balloons herself. This technique is known as:

a. systemic desensitization

b. aversion therapy

c. flooding

d. extinction

c. flooding

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7. Megan's daughter Kayla was afraid of dogs. Megan took Kayla to a therapist to help her overcome her fear but was surprised when the therapist brought a dog into the room. At first Kayla was asked to watch from across the room as the therapist showed her how to apprach and pet the dog and not to grab its tail. Eventually, Kayla was asked to come over and mimic the behavior she had observed. After a few sessions, Kayla was no longer fearful of dogs. What technique did the therapist use with Kayla?

a. virtual experience

b. aversion therapy

c. flooding

d. participant modeling

d. participant modeling

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8. Maria sat down with her daughter, Zoe, and together wrote out a list of things that Zoe was expected to do each day and the rewards she would get if she accomplished them, as well as the penalties she would face if she did not do them. This is most like which technique?

a. token economy

b. time-out

c. extinction

d. contingency contracting

d. contingency contracting

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9. For both children and adults, and for many undesirable behaviors. the use of __________ or some form of "time-out" can be quite effective.

a. arbitrary inference

b. extinction

c. positive reinforcement

d. negative reinforcement

b. extinction

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10. Stephen gets a text message from his girlfriend saying that she will have to work overtime tonight. Stephan immediately assumes his girlfriend is seeing someone else at work. Beck would say that Stephan has engaged in what type of distorted thinking?

a. arbitrary inference

b. selective thinking

c. overgeneralization

d. personalization

a. arbitrary inference

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11. Devin's wife comes home angry from her job, and he immediately assumes that he has done something wrong. Such irrational thinking is an example of:

a. overgeneralization

b. personalization

c. arbitrary inference

d. selective thinking

b. personalization

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12. Latanya tends to blow negative events out of proportion to their importance (magnification) while ignoring relevant positive events (minimization). What therapeutic technique may work best to help Latanya?

a. group therapy

b. virtual therapy

c. bilateral anterior cingulotomy

d. rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT)

d. rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT)

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13. Which therapy style requires the therapist to actively confront a client's irrational beliefs?

a. person-centered

b. frontal lobotomy

c. rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT)

d. cognitive restructuring

c. rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT)

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14. Family therapy is a form of group therapy in which:

a. non-professionals lead a selected group of family members with similar concerns

b. the entire family participates as no one person is seen as the problem

c. family members meet to single out the individual that is causing the problem in the family dynamic

d. psychology professionals treat their own family members

b. the entire family participates as no one person is seen as the problem

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15. If Dr. Phelps uses an electric approach to her work as a therapist, what specifically is she doing?

a. Dr. Phelps tends to rely ion the unconscious as the source for all therapeutic treatments

b. Dr. Phelps tends to rely on behavioral approach in the treatment of her clients

c. Dr. Phelps uses only the newest and most innovative approaches to treating her clients

d. Dr. Phelps uses one, or a combination, of any number of therapeutic treatments depending on the situation

d. Dr. Phelps uses one, or a combination, of any number of therapeutic treatments depending on the situation

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16. With regard to treatment of psychological disorders, many psychological professionals believe medications work best in combination with:

a. electroconvulsive therapy

b. psychotherapy

c. psychosurgery

d. deep brain stimulation

b. psychotherapy

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17. Typical antipsychotic drugs work by blocking what neurotransmitter?

a. norepinephrine

b. serotonin

c. dopamine

d. epineprine

c. dopamine

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18. Bradley has been on an antipsychotic drug for many years to control his schizophrenia. He has developed repetitive, involuntary jerks and movements of his face, lips, legs, and body. These side effects make up a syndrome known as:

a. the "Thorazine shuffle"

b. neurolepsis

c. tardive dyskinesia

d. psychotic syndrome

c. tardive dyskinesia

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19. As part of the medical treatment trial she is participating in for severe and suicidal depression, Kierra was given __________, which is being investigated due to its seemingly immediate, although short-term, effects.

a. ketamine

b. lithium

c. valproic acid

d. paroxetine

a. ketamine

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20. In bilateral anterior cingulotomy,

a. the front of the brain is cut away from the back.

b. a thin wire electrode is used to destroy a small area of the brain.

c. an electric shock is used to stimulate certain areas of the brain.

d. a drug is injected into the brain to destroy a large area of brain tissue.

b. a thin wire electrode is used to destroy a small area of the brain.

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