Psychiatry-History of Drug Abuse Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Psychiatry-History of Drug Abuse Deck (13)
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1
Q

Self-administration of any drug that deviates from the approved medical or social patterns within a given culture

A

Drug abuse: caffeine could be drug abuse in the Mormon culture and opium might not be drug abuse in China.

2
Q

Pattern of drug use that is characterized by compulsive use, drug seeking behavior and high tendency to relapse after withdraw.

A

Addiction

3
Q

Increased dose is necessary to have the same effect or repeated administration of the same dose has a diminished effect

A

Tolerance

4
Q

A state where the drug must be present to maintain normal physiologic function

A

Physical dependence

5
Q

Indicated by the frequency of use of a drug or the amount of time an individual spends seeking the drug

A

Psychological dependence

6
Q

A condition resulting from abstinence from a substance that may involve gastric upset, sleep disturbances, anxiety and cravings for the drug

A

Withdrawal

7
Q

When one drug can replace another

A

Cross-dependence

8
Q

DSM V criteria for substance-induced intoxication

A

1) Reversible syndrome due to ingestion of substance 2) Changes attributable to physiologic effects of substance 3) Signs/symptoms develop shortly after use 4) Symptoms not attributable to other cause

9
Q

DSM V criteria for substance withdrawal

A

1) Problematic behavioral and physiological changes due to cessation/reduction of use 2) Symptoms develop soon after cessation 3) Cessation causes significant distress 4) Symptoms not due to other cause

10
Q

Risk factors for use of illicit drugs

A

Native American male 18-44, never married

11
Q

What drugs have the highest probability of transitioning from first use to dependence?

A

1) Nicotine 2) Alcohol 3) Cocaine 4) Cannabis

12
Q

Military personnel risks

A

High risk of alcohol abuse, ~70% of enlisted use tobacco products, increased caffeine use, steroid use, opiate abuse

13
Q

Types of dependence that develop with marijuana

A

1) 20% psychological 2) 10% physical