Psychiatry-History of Drug Abuse Flashcards Preview

Multisystems II > Psychiatry-History of Drug Abuse > Flashcards

Flashcards in Psychiatry-History of Drug Abuse Deck (13)
1

Self-administration of any drug that deviates from the approved medical or social patterns within a given culture

Drug abuse: caffeine could be drug abuse in the Mormon culture and opium might not be drug abuse in China.

2

Pattern of drug use that is characterized by compulsive use, drug seeking behavior and high tendency to relapse after withdraw.

Addiction

3

Increased dose is necessary to have the same effect or repeated administration of the same dose has a diminished effect

Tolerance

4

A state where the drug must be present to maintain normal physiologic function

Physical dependence

5

Indicated by the frequency of use of a drug or the amount of time an individual spends seeking the drug

Psychological dependence

6

A condition resulting from abstinence from a substance that may involve gastric upset, sleep disturbances, anxiety and cravings for the drug

Withdrawal

7

When one drug can replace another

Cross-dependence

8

DSM V criteria for substance-induced intoxication

1) Reversible syndrome due to ingestion of substance 2) Changes attributable to physiologic effects of substance 3) Signs/symptoms develop shortly after use 4) Symptoms not attributable to other cause

9

DSM V criteria for substance withdrawal

1) Problematic behavioral and physiological changes due to cessation/reduction of use 2) Symptoms develop soon after cessation 3) Cessation causes significant distress 4) Symptoms not due to other cause

10

Risk factors for use of illicit drugs

Native American male 18-44, never married

11

What drugs have the highest probability of transitioning from first use to dependence?

1) Nicotine 2) Alcohol 3) Cocaine 4) Cannabis

12

Military personnel risks

High risk of alcohol abuse, ~70% of enlisted use tobacco products, increased caffeine use, steroid use, opiate abuse

13

Types of dependence that develop with marijuana

1) 20% psychological 2) 10% physical