Psychology in Context - Psychopathology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Psychology in Context - Psychopathology Deck (23)
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1

What is Deviation from Social Norms?

Not following societies standards of behaviour and attitude

2

State 3 cons of defining abnormality as Deviation from Social Norms.

1. Cultures vary, so there isn't one set of social "rules"

2. It can be used to justify the removal of "unwanted" people from a society

3. What is considered abnormal can change over time

3

What is Failure to Function Adequately?

Not being able to cope with the demands of everyday life

4

State the 5 criteria used to define abnormality using the Failure to Function Adequately definition.

1. Dysfunctional Behaviour
2. Observer Discomfort
3. Unpredictable Behaviour
4. Irrational Behaviour
5. Personal Distress

5

State one con of defining abnormality as Failure to Function Adequately.

If you can tick the box for more than one of the criteria, the person's behaviour is considered abnormal. This seems unfair

6

What is Deviation from Ideal Mental Health?

Not having all 6 conditions associated with ideal mental health as stated by Jahoda (1958)

7

State the 6 conditions associated with ideal mental health listed by Jahoda (1958).

1. Positive self-attitude
2. Self-actualization
3. Resistance to stress
4. Personal autonomy
5. Accurate perception of reality
6. Adaptation to the environment

8

State 3 cons of defining abnormality as Deviation from Ideal Mental Health.

1. It can be hard to meet all the requirements

2. They're subjective

3. A serial killer may be resistant to stress etc. but society wouldn't consider them to be in good mental health

9

What is Statistical Infrequency?

Displaying statistically rare behaviour

10

State 4 cons of defining abnormality as Statistical Infrequency.

1. It doesn't take into account desirability of the behaviour, only the frequency e.g. IQ

2. There's no distinction between rare, slightly odd behaviour, and rare, psychologically abnormal behaviour

3. There's no definite cut-off point where normal behaviour become abnormal behaviour

4. Hassett and White (1989) argue that statistically infrequency can't be used to define abnormality because some behaviours that are considered psychologically abnormal are actually quite common e.g. mild depression

11

What is Depression?

A mood disorder

12

What is a Mood Disorder characterized by?

Strong emotions which can influence a person's ability to function normally

13

What can a Mood Disorder affect?

A person's perceptions, thinking and behaviour

14

What is Major Depression?

An episode of depression that can occur suddenly

15

What is another term for Major Depression?

Unipolar Disorder

16

What can Major Depression be?

Reactive - Caused by external factors
Endogenous - Caused by internal factors

17

What is Manic Depression?

An alternation between 2 mood extremes (mania and depression)

18

What is another term for Manic Depression?

Bipolar Disorder

19

State 2 features of Manic Depression.

1. The change in mood often occurs in regular cycles of days or weeks

2. Episodes of mania involve over-activity, rapid speech, and feeling extremely happy or agitated

20

State 4 Behavioural Symptoms of Depression.

1. Sleep Disturbances - Insomnia or Hypersomnia

2. Change in Appetite - Eating more/less than usual or gaining/losing weight

3. Pain - Headaches, joint ache, and muscle ache

4. Lack of Activity - Social withdrawal and loss of sex drive

21

State 3 Cognitive Symptoms of Depression.

1. Experiencing persistent negative beliefs about themselves and their abilities

2. Suicidal thoughts

3. Slower thought processes - Difficulty concentrating and making decisions

22

State 3 Emotional Symptoms of Depression.

1. Extreme feelings of sadness, hopelessness, and despair

2. Diurnal Mood Variation - Changes in mood throughout the day

3. Anhedonia - No longer enjoying activities or hobbies that used to be pleasurable

23

What does the DSM say about diagnosis of Depression?

At least 5 symptoms must have been present nearly everyday for at least 2 weeks