Psychology Notes Test 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Psychology Notes Test 1 Deck (85):
1

Primitive Stage

Roots from folklore, mythology, entities

2

Animism

Belief that spirits are everywhere

3

Early Greek Influence

Non-scientific, not much investigation

4

Plato

Religious man, conceived the idea that everyone has a soul (miniature embodiment of the Greek city-state)
"Reason rule over desire"

5

Aristotle

Closest to a true scientist

6

Psychology in the Middle Ages

Church was the source of all knowledge

7

Galileo

Criticized by the church
Opened the way for true science by discovering the telescope

8

Francis Bacon

Social psychologist
Advocate for practical/empirical thinking

9

Descartes

Developed the mind-body theory that stated that the mind and the physical world only interact at the pineal gland
"I think, therefore I am."

10

Pineal Glad

Associated with melatonin
Located at the base of the brain

11

Von Helmholtz

Involved in experimental psychology
Measured the speed of nerve impulses
Came up with the theory of vision and hearing

12

Fechner

Involved in psychophysics
Studied relationships between physical characteristics of stimuli and the sensations they produce

13

17th Century

Age of Enlightenment

14

18th Century

Age of Reason

15

19th Century

Age of Progress

16

20th Century

Age of Anxiety

17

21st Century

Age of Technology

18

Saul

Suffered manic depressive episodes/bipolar disorder

19

Cambyses

First alcoholic on record

20

Nebuchadnezzar

Delusional disorder
Thought he was a wolf/lycanthropy

21

Hercules

Suffered from a seizure disorder

22

Ajax

Experienced hallucinations

23

Tamerlane

Fetish for women's underwear

24

George III

Acute mania

25

Rousseau

"Back to nature"

26

Mozart

Paranoia

27

Beethoven

Paranoia

28

Van Gogh

Seizure disorder

29

Asylums

Set up in Spain
Influenced by the Moors

30

Demonology

Common during the Middle Ages
Caused conversion disorders

31

Avicenna and Rhazes

Doctors that kept demonology out of Arabia

32

Willing Possession

Cohort of Satan

33

Unwilling Possession

Punishment from God

34

Hippocrates

Father of Medicine
Came up with the personality theory (every man is a miniature embodiment of air, earth, fire, and water)
Very into vivisection and letting blood

35

Galin

Expanded Hippocrates' theory
Studied the nervous system

36

Bethlehem Royal Hospital

Located in London and renamed Bedlam

37

Behavioral Science

Heredity x Time x Environment = Developmental Level

38

Structuralist School

Started by Wundt
Study of conscious experiences
Titchener was Wundt's biggest fan and was a professor at Cornell

39

Functionalist School

Started by Dewey and James
Study of man's adjustment to his environment

40

William James

Wrote Principles of Psychology
First American-born psychologist

41

Behaviorist School

Started by Watson, Pavlov, and Thorndike
Study of man's overt behavior which they believe was determined by a complex system of independent stimulus-response connections

42

B. F. Skinner

Stimulus-Response Psychology
Learning Processes
Expanded on Watson

43

Gestalt School

Started by Wertheimer, Koffka, Kohler, and Perls
"A whole is worth more than the sum of its parts"
Believe you should study the entirety of behavior

44

Four Parts of Psychoanalysis

1. Early childhood experiences
2. Unconscious motivation
3. Personality structure
4. Psychosexual stages

45

Piaget

Studied cognitive psychology
Grouping of child development
Qualities that distinguish humans from other animals

46

Carl Rogers

Studied humanistic psychology
Focused on "person-centered therapy"

47

Maslow

Developed the Hierarchy of Needs
Came up with the principle of self-actualization

48

Galton

Functionalist
Studied human abilities and individual differences

49

Building Blocks of Psychology

Stimulus-Response
Studying the entire organism
Adjustment

50

Organs of Adjustment

Includes organs of adjustment and organs of maintenance

51

Organs of Maintenance

Stomach, lungs, intestines, glands

52

Field Study Approach

Oldest method
Observing without someone knowing

53

Introspection

Looking inside of yourself

54

Life History Approach

Study a particular behavior pattern and trace it back

55

Day Book Approach

Keeping track of daily events

56

Clinical Approach

More detailed record of events

57

Biographical Method

Analyzing a person based on what has been written about them

58

Dimensions

Qualities used by psychologists to classify behavior

59

BITCH Test

Used to measure intelligence in people from other cultures

60

Oral Stage

Sucking (birth-8mos)
Biting (8mos-18mos)

61

Anal Stage

18mos-3yrs
Processes of elimination

62

Phallic Stage

3yrs-7yrs
Exhibitionism and childish masturbation

63

Latent Stage

4yrs-12yrs
Sexuality is repressed
Pressure is exerted from outside sources

64

Genital Stage

12yrs-21yrs
Final stage of psychosexual development
Awakening of all of the sexual urges

65

Endocrine System

Series of ductless glands that secrete hormones that flow into the bloodstream
Regulatory glands

66

Hypothalamus

Master control center of the endocrine system
Located in the lower brain stem

67

Pituitary Gland

Impacts physical development
Located on the underside of the brain

68

Dwarfism

Underfunctioning hormone

69

Gigantism

Overfunctioning hormone

70

Acromegaly

Oversecretion of a hormone later in life and does not involve the entire body

71

Thyroid Gland

Impacts metabolism
Produces an iodine-protein solution known as thyroxine

72

Cretinism

When the thyroid is not producing thyroxine at a young age

73

Islets of Langerhans

Maintain sugar and insulin balance

74

Alpha Cells

Produce glucagon

75

Beta Cells

Produce Insulin

76

Type I

Sugar diabetes

77

Type II

Obesity

78

Sex Glands

Secrete hormones and have an impact on development and behavior

79

Adolescence

10-11 for girls; sexual peak at 35
13-14 for boys; sexual peak at 19

80

Male Sex Hormones

Testicular androgens

81

Female Sex Hormones

Estrogen and progesterone

82

Adrenal Glands

Located on the upper kidney

83

Adrenal Medulla

Inner core
Influenced by nervous system

84

Adrenal Cortex

Affects maturation, especially masculinity

85

Virilism

Overabundance of body hair and deep voice