Psychology Notes Test 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Psychology Notes Test 2 Deck (49):
1

General Anxiety Disorder

Characterized by feeling unexplainably tense and uneasy

2

Phobic Disorder

Characterized by feeling irrationally afraid of a specific object or situation

3

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

Characterized by feeling troubled by repetitive thoughts or actions

4

Psychoanalytic View of Anxiety Disorders

Begins in childhood and causes repressed feelings that later emerge

5

Panic Disorder

Characterized by recurrent and frequent panic attacks

6

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

Characterized by a re-experiencing of a traumatic event through recurrent and intrusive memories and dreams

7

Somatoform Disorders

Characterized by distressing symptoms that take on bodily form without any apparent physical cause
Could involve vomiting, dizziness, blurred vision, difficulty swallowing, severe pain, etc.

8

Conversion Disorder

Uncommon in the present
Converts anxiety into physical pain and symptoms

9

Somatization Disorder

Characterized by a long standing series of complaints regarding physical ailments beginning before the age of 30
Involves 4 pain symptoms, 2 GI symptoms, 1 sexual symptom, and 1 pseudoneurologic symptom

10

Hypochondria

Characterized by the misinterpretations of bodily functions and reactions and causes the sufferer to be preoccupied with fears of having some grave illness or disease

11

Factitious Disorder

Characterized by symptoms being deliberately faked

12

Malingering

Signs and symptoms are faked but external incentives such as money, getting out of work, or legal responsibility are present

13

Body Dysmorphic Disorder

Characterized by a person becoming preoccupied with a very imagined defect in their appearance

14

Somatoform Pain Disorder

Characterized by a person becoming preoccupied with pain without physical proof

15

Dissociative Disorders

Characterized by conscious awareness becoming separated by previous memories, thoughts, and feelings

16

Dissociative Amnesia

Involves one or more episodes of inability to recall important personal information of stressful or traumatic nature

17

Dissociative Fugue

A confusion about personal identity that causes a new identity to be assumed

18

Multiple Personality Disorder

Characterized by a person having two or more distinct personalities, each with its own enduring pattern of perceiving, relating to, and interacting with the environment

19

Treatment for Multiple Personality Disorder

Anti-depressants and anti-anxiety drugs
Hypnosis and psychodynamic therapy

20

Depersonalization Disorder

Characterized by the persistent and recurring experiences of being detached from or an outside observer of ones own mind and body; stuck in a dream-like state

21

Mood Disorders

Characterized by depression or mania

22

Unipolar Symptoms

The person suffers depression symptoms only without ever experiencing mania
Emotional: sad
Cognitive: negative thoughts about one's self, negative about the future, low self esteem
Motivational: can't get started, can't take initiative
Physical: no appetite, weight loss, weight gain, sleep disturbances

23

Chronic Depression

Dysthymic Disorder
Depressed for at least 2 solid years without having a remission to normality of at least 2 months in duration

24

Episodic Depression

More common depression
Depressed less that 2 years and has a clear onset which thus distinguishes it from previous non-depressed functioning

25

"Double Depression"

Consists of a depressive episode on top of an underlying dysthymic disorder

26

Bipolar Depression

Characterized by a person having manic symptoms on top of having one or more depressed episodes in the past

27

Seasonal Affective Disorder

Depression set off by winter or fall

28

Bipolar Manic

If a person is in a manic episode

29

Bipolar Depressed

If a person is in a depressed episode

30

Bipolar Mixed

If manic and depressive episodes are intermixed or alternate

31

Cyclothymia

Less severe manic and depressed moods that are chronic in nature

32

Major Depression

Severe depression without the occurrence of a manic episode

33

Comorbid Depression

Many depressed people meet criteria for other disorders

34

Schizophrenia

Literally means "split mind"
Involves disturbance in behavior, emotions, and thinking
Have disorganized behavior and experience delusions

35

Simple Type (Schizophrenia)

Most difficult to identify
Patient rarely shows the most dramatic symptoms such as disorientation, delusions, hallucinations, and language/action disturbances
Shows gradual decreased interest, withdraws from friends and family, no interest in school or work, careless about personal habits

36

Hebephrenic Schizophrenia/Disorganized Schizophrenia

Means "youthful"
Shows severe disintegration of personality, disorientation, delusions, hallucinations, symbolic language disturbances
Identifying symptoms are inappropriate giggling and smiling, bizarre language, and facial grimaces

37

Paranoid Schizophrenia

One of the most common forms of mental illness
Marked by delusions and hallucinations, frequently of accusatory and threatening nature

38

Catatonic Schizophrenia

Believed to be caused by an edema in the 19th century
Major symptom is inhibition of motor activity relating to stupor

39

Schizo-Affective Type

Some schizophrenics show a considerable degree of affect and present difficult management problems
A patient can go from laughing to crying in the course of an interview

40

"Undifferentiated Types"

Severe overlapping of symptoms
Acute Undifferentiated Schizophrenia: symptoms appear and disappear quickly
Chronic Undifferentiated Schizophrenia: onset is gradual and symptoms persist

41

Childhood Schizophrenia

Symptoms include: unresponsiveness, speech interference, difficulty learning, distortion of expression, need for physical contact, variation in motor behavior, sudden release of violent emotions

42

Residual Schizophrenia

Characterized as a patient who has had serious schizophrenic disturbances in the past and has improved enough to return home and can make marginal adjustment in the community
Tend to show traces of the disorder
Symptoms are not incapacitating

43

Conversion Complaints (Men)

1. Non-headache pain
2. Paresis (deterioration)
3. Anesthesia
4. Headache
5. Mock-heart attack

44

Conversion Complaints (Women)

1. Non-headache pain
2. Dizziness
3. Weakness
4. Headache
5. Nausea
6. Lump in throat

45

Neurasthenia

Characterized by weakness of the nerves, low-inborn energy level, and difficulty swallowing

46

Automatic Behavior

Function out of conscious mind
Subconscious mind steps in and says something

47

Psychotic Break

Conscious mind becomes flooded with unconscious material, causing a break with reality

48

Psychosis

Disoriented in time, place, person, or situation
#1 delusion has to do with persecution

49

Who Named Schizophrenia and When

Eugene Bleuler named it in 1911