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1

What is psychology?

Understanding all the things that we do

2

Where did Psychology originate?

Europe

3

2 different branches of science that combined into Psychology

Physiology and Philosophy

4

Wundt is known as a _____________. He was interested in what?

Voluntarist; volitional or conscious behavior (the way we think when we're awake)

5

When and where did Wundt found the first psychology lab??

Leipzig, Germany in 1879

6

Founded an early psychology lab at Wellesley College, first woman president of APA

Mary Whiton Calkins (didn't get her PhD because Harvard was a butthole...Radcliffe)

7

First woman to earn a PhD in Psychology

Margaret Floy Washburn

8

Did pioneer work on adolescent development and fallacy of women's inferiority

Leta Stetter Hollingworth

9

First president of APA, exposed scholars in the US to Freud's psychoanalytic theories

G. Stanley Hall

10

World famous for his psychoanalytic theory

Sigmund Freud

11

Attempts to explain motivation, personality, and mental disorders by focuses on the unconscious

Freud's psychoanalytic theory

12

Widely remembered for collective unconsciousness theory, split from Freud

Carl Jung

13

Works off of introspection (experiences such as sensations, feelings, and images), founded by Titchener

Structuralism

14

Purpose is to understand the purpose or behavior of or consciousness

Functionalism
Influenced by Darwin and natural selection
"stream of consciousness" --> looks more to flow of thoughts rather than components

15

"Free will is an illusion", most influential psychologist to date. Humans and animals only do things because of a positive outcome

Skinner

16

Skinner, Pavlov, Watson are considered _______?

Behaviorists

17

Argued for free will, said that humans are free with the potential for personal growth, different from animals
Key is to recognize your potential and feel better about yourself

Carl Rogers

18

Involves the study of thoughts and mental processes; Human behavior can only be understood by researching internal thoughts. "The way people think is the way they;re going to behave"

Cognitive Perspective

19

Advocate that organism's function deals more with how you act rather than thoughts

Biological Perspective

20

Believed that electrical stimulation to the brain could evoke pleasure or rage in animals

Olds

21

2 different sides of the brain that have their own mental tasks

Sperry

22

Study the evolutionary basis of behavior in humans and animals. What helps animals live will be passed down

Evolutionary Perspective

23

Focus on the positives of people to help human psychology

Seligman

24

APS established in ________ to serve as an advocate for the science of psychology. Believed the APA was too dominated by clinicians

American Psychological society; 1988.

25

12 Subdisciplines of Psychology

1) developmental-are people developing according to their age
2) cognitive- thought process
3) personality- how/why people act
4) Psychometrics- math/statistics
5) experimental- study traditional topics
6) health- treat psychological illness
7) clinical- evalution, diagnosis, treatment of illnesses
8) Counseling
9) educational- curriculum design
10) industrial- business
11) clinical neuropsychology- brain trauma
12) forensic- legal issues

26

Medical doctor who specializes in treating mental disorders

Psychiatrist

27

7 things that unite psychology

1) empiricism
2) theoretically diverse
3) sociohistorical context
4) determined by multiple causes
5) shaped by cultural heritage
6) influenced by heredity and environment
7) subjective

28

Premise that knowledge is acquired through skepticism and critical thinking

Empiricism

29

System of interrelated ideas used to explain observations

theory

30

Purposeful, reasoned, goal directed thinking that involves solving problems in terms of scientific principle

Critical Thinking