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Flashcards in Psychology Exam 1 Deck (91)
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1

Father of modern psychology, made psychology its own field (out of philosophy and physiology)

Wundt

2

Wundt was a __________ meaning he was interested in what?

Voluntarist; volitional/conscious behavior and mental processes

3

Famous for his psychoanalytic theory; shaped the field of clinical psychology

Freud

4

Freud's Psychoanalytic Theory

Attempts to explain personality, motivation, and mental disorders by focuses on the unconscious

5

Founder of Behaviorism; emphasizes exclusive focus on studying behavior rather than consciousness

Watson

6

1st president of the APA; exposed American psychologists to the psychoanalytic theory

Hall

7

Founded Functionalism and the "stream of consciousness"; highly influenced by Darwin

James

8

Developed the theory of collective unconscious (memories are inherited from the past)

Jung

9

Based on the notion that the task of psychology is to analyze consciousness into its basic elements and investigate how these elements are related

Structuralism
(it depends on introspection; founded by Titchener)

10

Says that psychology should investigate the function or purpose of consciousness rather than its structure

Functionalism
(this focuses on the "stream of consciousness"-flow of thoughts rather than its components)

11

Says that only observable events can be studied scientifically, studies effects of the environment on behavior of humans and animals

Behaviorism

12

Believed that people should abandon studying consciousness and study behavior

Watson

13

Developed stimulus-response psychology to help behaviorists view psychology as an attempt to relate behaviors to observable events in the environment

Pavlov

14

Argued against free will; humans and animals just repeat actions that will lead to positive outcomes

Skinner

15

Argued that people are governed by self-concepts; humans are free rational beings with potential for growth

Humanists

16

Branch of psychology concerned with diagnosis and treatment of psychological problems and disorders

Clinical Psychology

17

Branch of psychology that assists people in everyday problems like family, marital, and careers

Counseling Psychology

18

Branch of psychology that works to improve curriculum, testing, teacher training, and other aspects of educational processes

Educational Psychology

19

Statistical side of psychology, measures human attributes

Quantitative Psychology

20

Refers to mental processes involved in acquiring knowledge

Cognition

21

Research used to be done only on this group?

Upper class white males

22

Branch of psychology that deals with human development and how behavior changes as you develop

Developmental Psychology

23

Type of psychology that studies the evolutionary bases of behavior in humans and animals

Evolutionary Psychology

24

Uses theory and research to better understand the positive, adaptive, creative, and fulfilling aspects of human existence

Positive Psychology

25

Branch of psychology that examines influence of genetic factors on behavior

Physiological Psychology

26

Branch of Psychology that deals with the measurement of behavior and capacities, usually with psychological tests

Psychometrics

27

Focuses on how psychological factors affect physical health

Health Psychology

28

Type of psychology that says organisms functions can be described in terms of body structures

Biological Psychology

29

The premise that knowledge should be acquired through observation

Empiricism

30

System of interrelated ideas used to explain a set of observations

Theory