Public Health Nursing - Past, Present, Future Flashcards Preview

community midterm > Public Health Nursing - Past, Present, Future > Flashcards

Flashcards in Public Health Nursing - Past, Present, Future Deck (25)
Loading flashcards...
1
Q

social determinants of health

A

social conditions in which people live and work

2
Q

what are healthcare disparities

A

gaps in healthcare by one population compared to another

3
Q

Changes in healthcare in the 21st century

A

patient/client-centered care
increased use of technology
increased personal responsibility

4
Q

3 core functions of the role of govt in healthcare

A

Assess healthcare problems
Intervene by developing policy providing access to services
Ensure delivery of services and outcomes achieved

5
Q

what is the PPACA - Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act

A
provides insurance to most Americans
lower costs
improve access to primary care
preventative care and prescription benefits
coverage of pre-existing conditions
young adults covered
*Law signed by Obama
6
Q

patient/client-centered care focuses on

A
cultural traditions
personal preferences
values
families
lifestyles
***Maintaining Health is Client Responsibility
7
Q

advancing forms of technology are dramatically improving lives, T or F

A

True

8
Q

what is HIT

A

Management of health information and its exchange between consumers, providers, govt and insurers in a secure manner
Electronic Health Records

9
Q

what is tele-health

A

electronic information and telecommunications to support long distance clinical healthcare, pt education, public health and health admin

10
Q

define personal responsibility for health

A

active participation in ones own health through education and lifestyle changes

11
Q

what is public health nursing

A

Population based practice
Preventing disease and disability
Promoting and protecting health for entire community

12
Q

principles of public health nursing

A

Client is population
Primary obligation - achieve greatest good for greatest number of people as a whole
Collaborate w/client as an equal partner
Primary prevention is priority
Focus on strategies for a healthy environment where people thrive
Actively reach out to all who may benefit from services
Optimal use of resources and evidenced-based strategies to improve health populations
Collaborate with other professions to promote/protect the health of people

13
Q

who sets the scope and standard of practice for nursing practice

A

ANA

14
Q

who establishes the characteristics of competent public health nursing practice and is a legal standard of practice

A

the publication Public Health Nursing: Scope and Standards of Practice

15
Q

public health nursing interventions

A

population based model
applied to individuals, families, communities
focuses on prevention

16
Q

public health initiatives in early America

A

influenced by British traditions

Shattuck, Dix, Barton

17
Q

what is Dix famous for

A

improving life for mentally ill

18
Q

what is Barton famous for

A

red cross

19
Q

what is Shattuck famous for

A

reporting unsanitary conditions and the relationship to ill health/disability

20
Q

what is Kass famous for

A

“benefits of biomedical progress are obvious, clear and powerful. The hazards are much less well appreciated..”

21
Q

what is evidenced based practice

A

best evidence available to increase the quality of care

22
Q

what is epidemiology

A

Science of prevention

Knowledge of hx of disease and risk fxrs increasing susceptibility to illness

23
Q

what is health

A

state of physical, mental and social well-being; not just absence of disease

24
Q

healthcare is closely linked to

A

ethical issues

25
Q

challenges for public health nursing in the 21st century

A

Engaging in Evidenced based practice
Helping eliminate health disparities in under served populations
Demonstrating cultural competence (awareness, sensitivity, inclusion)
Planning for community change
Contributing to a safe and healthy environment
Responding to emergencies, disasters, terrorism
Responding to global environment