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1

3 Part of Rhetorical Education (E.E.W)

1. Character Enculturation
2. Extensive Knowledge
3. Writing and revising own writing

2

4 components to analyzing pathos (S.A. E.O)

1. Stimulus
2. Audience
3. Emotion
4. Object

3

Stimulus

Rhetorical Strategy

4

Object of the emotion

Where the emotion is directed

5

"Of proficience and Advancement of Leaning Divine Human"

Francis Bacon

6

"The Art of Rhetoric"

John Holmes

7

Francis Bacon's Faculty of Psychology

Win the imagination from affections

8

Three things to invention of speaking (Q.M.A)

1. Quickness
2. Method
3. Application

9

All arguments are founded on (R.M.A)

Reason, Morals, Affections

10

What proofs are inartificial? (P.R. T.W)

Prejudices, reports, tortures, witnesses

11

What do artificial proofs consist of? (S.A.E)

1. Signs
2. Arguments
3. Examples

12

Exordium

Introduction

13

Principium

Directly professing aim in introduction

14

Insinuatio

Speaking in favour of audience before openly saying point of view

15

Narration

Discourse informing the viewer of the matter in dispute

16

6 parts of regular formal oration (E.N. P.C. R.P)

1. Exordium
2. Narration
3. Proposition
4. Confirmation
5. Refutation
6. Peroration

17

Proposition

a distinct and expressive manner of laying down the subject upon which the speaker designs to treat

18

Confirmation

part of a discourse that contains the arguments which are necessary

19

Four classical virtues of style (C.C. A.D)

1. Clarity
2. Correctness
3. Appropriateness
4. Distinction

20

6 types of audiences (T.S. I.I. I.R)

1. Target
2. Secondary
3. Imagined
4. Invoked
5. Implied
6. Real

21

Invoked audience

an audience that is explicitly constructed through discourse "We all believe in justice"

22

Forum

The physical or virtual spaces where many genres occur (social media)

23

Stasis theory

discerning where the uncertainty lies at the present moment of debate or inquiry

24

3 major stases (C.D.Q)

Fact, Definition, Quality

25

8 elements of rhetorical situation (R.S. A.F. G.O. K.K)

1. Reputation
2. Shaping Influences
3. Audience
4. Forum
5. Genre
6. Occasion
7. Kairos (created)
8. Kairos (adapted)

26

Kairos (adapted)

saying the right thing at the right time

27

Kairos (created)

inventing new occasion and swiftly responding to changing situation during communication

28

Bottom to top, rhetorical situation triangle

Rhetorical situation > Artifacts > Audience Response

29

Refutation

answer to opposition

30

Peroration

Conclusion with the strongest arguments restated